Report

Historical Trends in Lake and River Ice Cover in the Northern Hemisphere

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Science  08 Sep 2000:
Vol. 289, Issue 5485, pp. 1743-1746
DOI: 10.1126/science.289.5485.1743

Article Information

vol. 289 no. 5485 1743-1746

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Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication April 24, 2000
  • Accepted for publication June 29, 2000
  • .

Author Information

  1. John J. Magnuson1,*,
  2. Dale M. Robertson2,
  3. Barbara J. Benson1,
  4. Randolph H. Wynne3,
  5. David M. Livingstone4,
  6. Tadashi Arai5,
  7. Raymond A. Assel6,
  8. Roger G. Barry7,
  9. Virginia Card8,
  10. Esko Kuusisto9,
  11. Nick G. Granin10,
  12. Terry D. Prowse11,
  13. Kenton M. Stewart12,
  14. Valery S. Vuglinski13
  1. 1 Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
  2. 2 U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, 8505 Research Way, Middleton, WI 53562, USA.
  3. 3 Department of Forestry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 319 Cheatham Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.
  4. 4 Department of Environmental Physics, Swiss Federal Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Überlandstrasse 133, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland.
  5. 5 Department of Geography, Rissho University 4-2-16 Osaki, Shinagawa-Ku, Tokyo 141, Japan.
  6. 6 Great Lakes Ecosystem Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency, 2205 Commonwealth Boulevard, Ann Arbor, MI 48105–1593, USA.
  7. 7 World Data Center for Glaciology, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309–0449, USA.
  8. 8 College of Arts and Sciences, Metropolitan State University, 700 East 7 Street, St. Paul, MN 55106, USA.
  9. 9 Finnish Environment Institute, Post Office Box 140, FIN-00251 Helsinki, Finland.
  10. 10 Limnological Institute, Post Office Box 4199, Irkutsk 664033, Russia.
  11. 11 National Water Research Institute, Environment Canada, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5, Canada.
  12. 12 Department of Biological Science, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.
  13. 13 State Hydrological Institute, 23 Second Line, St. Petersburg 199053, Russia.

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