Special Reviews

The Sequence of the Human Genome

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Science  16 Feb 2001:
Vol. 291, Issue 5507, pp. 1304-1351
DOI: 10.1126/science.1058040

Article Information

vol. 291 no. 5507 1304-1351

PubMed: 
Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication December 5, 2000
  • Accepted for publication January 19, 2001
  • .

Author Information

  1. J. Craig Venter1,*,
  2. Mark D. Adams1,
  3. Eugene W. Myers1,
  4. Peter W. Li1,
  5. Richard J. Mural1,
  6. Granger G. Sutton1,
  7. Hamilton O. Smith1,
  8. Mark Yandell1,
  9. Cheryl A. Evans1,
  10. Robert A. Holt1,
  11. Jeannine D. Gocayne1,
  12. Peter Amanatides1,
  13. Richard M. Ballew1,
  14. Daniel H. Huson1,
  15. Jennifer Russo Wortman1,
  16. Qing Zhang1,
  17. Chinnappa D. Kodira1,
  18. Xiangqun H. Zheng1,
  19. Lin Chen1,
  20. Marian Skupski1,
  21. Gangadharan Subramanian1,
  22. Paul D. Thomas1,
  23. Jinghui Zhang1,
  24. George L. Gabor Miklos2,
  25. Catherine Nelson3,
  26. Samuel Broder1,
  27. Andrew G. Clark4,
  28. Joe Nadeau5,
  29. Victor A. McKusick6,
  30. Norton Zinder7,
  31. Arnold J. Levine7,
  32. Richard J. Roberts8,
  33. Mel Simon9,
  34. Carolyn Slayman10,
  35. Michael Hunkapiller11,
  36. Randall Bolanos1,
  37. Arthur Delcher1,
  38. Ian Dew1,
  39. Daniel Fasulo1,
  40. Michael Flanigan1,
  41. Liliana Florea1,
  42. Aaron Halpern1,
  43. Sridhar Hannenhalli1,
  44. Saul Kravitz1,
  45. Samuel Levy1,
  46. Clark Mobarry1,
  47. Knut Reinert1,
  48. Karin Remington1,
  49. Jane Abu-Threideh1,
  50. Ellen Beasley1,
  51. Kendra Biddick1,
  52. Vivien Bonazzi1,
  53. Rhonda Brandon1,
  54. Michele Cargill1,
  55. Ishwar Chandramouliswaran1,
  56. Rosane Charlab1,
  57. Kabir Chaturvedi1,
  58. Zuoming Deng1,
  59. Valentina Di Francesco1,
  60. Patrick Dunn1,
  61. Karen Eilbeck1,
  62. Carlos Evangelista1,
  63. Andrei E. Gabrielian1,
  64. Weiniu Gan1,
  65. Wangmao Ge1,
  66. Fangcheng Gong1,
  67. Zhiping Gu1,
  68. Ping Guan1,
  69. Thomas J. Heiman1,
  70. Maureen E. Higgins1,
  71. Rui-Ru Ji1,
  72. Zhaoxi Ke1,
  73. Karen A. Ketchum1,
  74. Zhongwu Lai1,
  75. Yiding Lei1,
  76. Zhenya Li1,
  77. Jiayin Li1,
  78. Yong Liang1,
  79. Xiaoying Lin1,
  80. Fu Lu1,
  81. Gennady V. Merkulov1,
  82. Natalia Milshina1,
  83. Helen M. Moore1,
  84. Ashwinikumar K Naik1,
  85. Vaibhav A. Narayan1,
  86. Beena Neelam1,
  87. Deborah Nusskern1,
  88. Douglas B. Rusch1,
  89. Steven Salzberg12,
  90. Wei Shao1,
  91. Bixiong Shue1,
  92. Jingtao Sun1,
  93. Zhen Yuan Wang1,
  94. Aihui Wang1,
  95. Xin Wang1,
  96. Jian Wang1,
  97. Ming-Hui Wei1,
  98. Ron Wides13,
  99. Chunlin Xiao1,
  100. Chunhua Yan1,
  101. Alison Yao1,
  102. Jane Ye1,
  103. Ming Zhan1,
  104. Weiqing Zhang1,
  105. Hongyu Zhang1,
  106. Qi Zhao1,
  107. Liansheng Zheng1,
  108. Fei Zhong1,
  109. Wenyan Zhong1,
  110. Shiaoping C. Zhu1,
  111. Shaying Zhao12,
  112. Dennis Gilbert1,
  113. Suzanna Baumhueter1,
  114. Gene Spier1,
  115. Christine Carter1,
  116. Anibal Cravchik1,
  117. Trevor Woodage1,
  118. Feroze Ali1,
  119. Huijin An1,
  120. Aderonke Awe1,
  121. Danita Baldwin1,
  122. Holly Baden1,
  123. Mary Barnstead1,
  124. Ian Barrow1,
  125. Karen Beeson1,
  126. Dana Busam1,
  127. Amy Carver1,
  128. Angela Center1,
  129. Ming Lai Cheng1,
  130. Liz Curry1,
  131. Steve Danaher1,
  132. Lionel Davenport1,
  133. Raymond Desilets1,
  134. Susanne Dietz1,
  135. Kristina Dodson1,
  136. Lisa Doup1,
  137. Steven Ferriera1,
  138. Neha Garg1,
  139. Andres Gluecksmann1,
  140. Brit Hart1,
  141. Jason Haynes1,
  142. Charles Haynes1,
  143. Cheryl Heiner1,
  144. Suzanne Hladun1,
  145. Damon Hostin1,
  146. Jarrett Houck1,
  147. Timothy Howland1,
  148. Chinyere Ibegwam1,
  149. Jeffery Johnson1,
  150. Francis Kalush1,
  151. Lesley Kline1,
  152. Shashi Koduru1,
  153. Amy Love1,
  154. Felecia Mann1,
  155. David May1,
  156. Steven McCawley1,
  157. Tina McIntosh1,
  158. Ivy McMullen1,
  159. Mee Moy1,
  160. Linda Moy1,
  161. Brian Murphy1,
  162. Keith Nelson1,
  163. Cynthia Pfannkoch1,
  164. Eric Pratts1,
  165. Vinita Puri1,
  166. Hina Qureshi1,
  167. Matthew Reardon1,
  168. Robert Rodriguez1,
  169. Yu-Hui Rogers1,
  170. Deanna Romblad1,
  171. Bob Ruhfel1,
  172. Richard Scott1,
  173. Cynthia Sitter1,
  174. Michelle Smallwood1,
  175. Erin Stewart1,
  176. Renee Strong1,
  177. Ellen Suh1,
  178. Reginald Thomas1,
  179. Ni Ni Tint1,
  180. Sukyee Tse1,
  181. Claire Vech1,
  182. Gary Wang1,
  183. Jeremy Wetter1,
  184. Sherita Williams1,
  185. Monica Williams1,
  186. Sandra Windsor1,
  187. Emily Winn-Deen1,
  188. Keriellen Wolfe1,
  189. Jayshree Zaveri1,
  190. Karena Zaveri1,
  191. Josep F. Abril14,
  192. Roderic Guigó14,
  193. Michael J. Campbell1,
  194. Kimmen V. Sjolander1,
  195. Brian Karlak1,
  196. Anish Kejariwal1,
  197. Huaiyu Mi1,
  198. Betty Lazareva1,
  199. Thomas Hatton1,
  200. Apurva Narechania1,
  201. Karen Diemer1,
  202. Anushya Muruganujan1,
  203. Nan Guo1,
  204. Shinji Sato1,
  205. Vineet Bafna1,
  206. Sorin Istrail1,
  207. Ross Lippert1,
  208. Russell Schwartz1,
  209. Brian Walenz1,
  210. Shibu Yooseph1,
  211. David Allen1,
  212. Anand Basu1,
  213. James Baxendale1,
  214. Louis Blick1,
  215. Marcelo Caminha1,
  216. John Carnes-Stine1,
  217. Parris Caulk1,
  218. Yen-Hui Chiang1,
  219. My Coyne1,
  220. Carl Dahlke1,
  221. Anne Deslattes Mays1,
  222. Maria Dombroski1,
  223. Michael Donnelly1,
  224. Dale Ely1,
  225. Shiva Esparham1,
  226. Carl Fosler1,
  227. Harold Gire1,
  228. Stephen Glanowski1,
  229. Kenneth Glasser1,
  230. Anna Glodek1,
  231. Mark Gorokhov1,
  232. Ken Graham1,
  233. Barry Gropman1,
  234. Michael Harris1,
  235. Jeremy Heil1,
  236. Scott Henderson1,
  237. Jeffrey Hoover1,
  238. Donald Jennings1,
  239. Catherine Jordan1,
  240. James Jordan1,
  241. John Kasha1,
  242. Leonid Kagan1,
  243. Cheryl Kraft1,
  244. Alexander Levitsky1,
  245. Mark Lewis1,
  246. Xiangjun Liu1,
  247. John Lopez1,
  248. Daniel Ma1,
  249. William Majoros1,
  250. Joe McDaniel1,
  251. Sean Murphy1,
  252. Matthew Newman1,
  253. Trung Nguyen1,
  254. Ngoc Nguyen1,
  255. Marc Nodell1,
  256. Sue Pan1,
  257. Jim Peck1,
  258. Marshall Peterson1,
  259. William Rowe1,
  260. Robert Sanders1,
  261. John Scott1,
  262. Michael Simpson1,
  263. Thomas Smith1,
  264. Arlan Sprague1,
  265. Timothy Stockwell1,
  266. Russell Turner1,
  267. Eli Venter1,
  268. Mei Wang1,
  269. Meiyuan Wen1,
  270. David Wu1,
  271. Mitchell Wu1,
  272. Ashley Xia1,
  273. Ali Zandieh1,
  274. Xiaohong Zhu1
  1. 1 Celera Genomics, 45 West Gude Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  2. 2 GenetixXpress, 78 Pacific Road, Palm Beach, Sydney 2108, Australia.
  3. 3 Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
  4. 4 Department of Biology, Penn State University, 208 Mueller Lab, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
  5. 5 Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, BRB-630, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.
  6. 6 Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 North Wolfe Street, Blalock 1007, Baltimore, MD 21287–4922, USA.
  7. 7 Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021–6399, USA.
  8. 8 New England BioLabs, 32 Tozer Road, Beverly, MA 01915, USA.
  9. 9 Division of Biology, 147-75, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
  10. 10 Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, P.O. Box 208000, New Haven, CT 06520–8000, USA.
  11. 11 Applied Biosystems, 850 Lincoln Centre Drive, Foster City, CA 94404, USA.
  12. 12 The Institute for Genomic Research, 9712 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.
  13. 13 Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, 52900 Israel.
  14. 14 Grup de Recerca en Informàtica Mèdica, Institut Municipal d'Investigació Mèdica, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08003-Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

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