Predicting Volcanic Eruptions

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Science  27 Jul 2001:
Vol. 293, Issue 5530, pp. 615-616
DOI: 10.1126/science.1063606

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In recent years, some major volcanic eruptions have been forecast successfully, but others have claimed many lives. In his Perspective, Scarpa charts recent efforts to improve predictions of volcanic eruptions. Broadband seismic studies, such as those of Kumagai et al., are a powerful tool for modeling the magma dynamics. This and other techniques, such as strain meters in boreholes, will lead to a more quantitative approach in physical volcanology.