Special Reviews

DNA Methylation and Epigenetic Inheritance in Plants and Filamentous Fungi

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Science  10 Aug 2001:
Vol. 293, Issue 5532, pp. 1070-1074
DOI: 10.1126/science.293.5532.1070

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Plants and filamentous fungi share with mammals enzymes responsible for DNA methylation. In these organisms, DNA methylation is associated with gene silencing and transposon control. However, plants and fungi differ from mammals in the genomic distribution, sequence specificity, and heritability of methylation. We consider the role that transposons play in establishing methylation patterns and the epigenetic consequences of their perturbation.

  • * To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: martiens{at}cshl.org (R.A.M); colot{at}evry.inra.fr (V.C.).

  • Permanent address: Unité de Recherches en Génomique Végétale (INRA-CNRS), 2 rue Gaston Crémieux, CP 5708, 91057 Evry Cedex, France.

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