Probing High-Barrier Pathways of Surface Reactions by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

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Science  07 Jun 2002:
Vol. 296, Issue 5574, pp. 1838-1841
DOI: 10.1126/science.1070859

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The ability of scanning tunneling microscopy to probe the pathways of thermally activated high-barrier surface processes is frequently limited by competing low-barrier processes that can confuse measurement of the true initial and final configuration. We introduce an approach to circumvent this difficulty by driving the surface process with nanosecond laser heating. The method is applied to determine the pathway of recombinative desorption in the H/Si(001) system. The observed configuration of dangling bonds after laser heating reveals that the desorbed hydrogen molecules are not formed on single dimers, but rather from neighboring silicon dimers via an interdimer reaction pathway.

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