RopGAP4-Dependent Rop GTPase Rheostat Control of Arabidopsis Oxygen Deprivation Tolerance

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Science  14 Jun 2002:
Vol. 296, Issue 5575, pp. 2026-2028
DOI: 10.1126/science.1071505

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Transient soil flooding limits cellular oxygen to roots and reduces crop yield. Plant response to oxygen deprivation involves increased expression of the alcohol dehydrogenase gene (ADH) and ethanolic fermentation. Disruption of the Arabidopsis gene that encodes Rop (RHO-like small G protein of plants) guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activating protein 4 (ROPGAP4), a Rop deactivator, elevates ADH expression in response to oxygen deprivation but decreases tolerance to stress. Rop-dependent production of hydrogen peroxide via a diphenylene iodonium chloride–sensitive calcium-dependent reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase is necessary for induction of both ADH and RopGAP4 expression. Tolerance to oxygen deprivation requires Rop activation andRopGAP4-dependent negative feedback regulation. This Rop signal transduction rheostat balances the ability to increase ethanolic fermentation with survival.

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