Structures of Glycoprotein Ibα and Its Complex with von Willebrand Factor A1 Domain

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Science  16 Aug 2002:
Vol. 297, Issue 5584, pp. 1176-1179
DOI: 10.1126/science.107355

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Transient interactions of platelet-receptor glycoprotein Ibα (GpIbα) and the plasma protein von Willebrand factor (VWF) reduce platelet velocity at sites of vascular damage and play a role in haemostasis and thrombosis. Here we present structures of the GpIbα amino-terminal domain and its complex with the VWF domain A1. In the complex, GpIbα wraps around one side of A1, providing two contact areas bridged by an area of solvated charge interaction. The structures explain the effects of gain-of-function mutations related to bleeding disorders and provide a model for shear-induced activation. These detailed insights into the initial interactions in platelet adhesion are relevant to the development of antithrombotic drugs.

  • * These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: e.g.huizinga{at} (E.G.H.), p.gros{at} (P.G.)

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