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Control of Light Emission by 3D Photonic Crystals

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Science  09 Jul 2004:
Vol. 305, Issue 5681, pp. 227-229
DOI: 10.1126/science.1097968

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Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystals containing artificial point defects have been fabricated to emit light at optical communications wavelengths. They were constructed by stacking 0.7-micrometer-period gallium arsenide striped layers, resulting in a 3D “woodpile” photonic crystal. Indium–gallium arsenide–phosphide quantum-well layers emitting at a wavelength of 1.55 micrometers were incorporated in the center of the crystal. Samples having up to nine stacked layers were constructed, and artificial point-defect cavities of different sizes were formed in the light-emitting layer. Light emission was suppressed in the photonic crystal regions, whereas cavity modes were successfully observed at the point defects and were size dependent.

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