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Achieving Stability of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced NF-κB Activation

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Science  16 Sep 2005:
Vol. 309, Issue 5742, pp. 1854-1857
DOI: 10.1126/science.1112304

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Abstract

The activation dynamics of the transcription factor NF-κB exhibit damped oscillatory behavior when cells are stimulated by tumor necrosis factor–α (TNFα) but stable behavior when stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS binding to Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) causes activation of NF-κB that requires two downstream pathways, each of which when isolated exhibits damped oscillatory behavior. Computational modeling of the two TLR4-dependent signaling pathways suggests that one pathway requires a time delay to establish early anti-phase activation of NF-κB by the two pathways. The MyD88-independent pathway required Inferon regulatory factor 3–dependent expression of TNFα to activate NF-κB, and the time required for TNFα synthesis established the delay.

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