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Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems

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Science  14 Sep 2007:
Vol. 317, Issue 5844, pp. 1513-1516
DOI: 10.1126/science.1144004
  • Fig. 1.

    Map highlighting major attributes of the six coupled human and natural systems (location; spatial extent; population size; and ecological, economic, and administrative attributes). To save space, short names within the parentheses represent the coupled systems. See table S1 for more detailed descriptions.

  • Fig. 2.

    The relationship between fish habitat (logs per kilometer) and house density in the Northern Highland Lake District of Wisconsin, United States. [modified from (38), with permission]

  • Fig. 3.

    Change in avian richness with progressively more forest (less human settlement) in the human-influenced landscape in Central Puget Sound region of Washington, United States. [modified from (21), with permission]

Additional Files


  • Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems
    Jianguo Liu, Thomas Dietz, Stephen R. Carpenter, Marina Alberti, Carl Folke, Emilio Moran, Alice N. Pell, Peter Deadman, Timothy Kratz, Jane Lubchenco, Elinor Ostrom, Zhiyun Ouyang, William Provencher, Charles L. Redman, Stephen H. Schneider, William W. Taylor

    Supporting Online Material

    This supplement contains:
    Table S1
    References

    This file is in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.

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