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Science  19 Dec 2008:
Vol. 322, Issue 5909, pp. 1806-1810
DOI: 10.1126/science.322.5909.1806

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Science Policy

Despite Financial Crisis, Dramatic Shift Expected in U.S. S&T Policy

U.S. President-elect Barack Obama

David Katz/Obama for America

U.S. President-elect Barack Obama will face profound budget constraints, but still should be able to take significant action on a range of critical science and technology issues within months after he takes office, policy experts said at a recent AAAS seminar.

Obama could expand embryonic stem cell research and smooth visa policies that have frustrated foreign scientists and students coming to the United States. He has committed the U.S. to taking a lead role in crafting a replacement for the Kyoto Protocols on global climate change. And while unprecedented budget deficits are looming, he could use a massive public works program to launch new energy and environmental initiatives.

“It's definitely a bit of a mixed message,” said Albert H. Teich, director of Science and Policy Programs at AAAS. “The deficit will limit discretionary spending, but experts also have pointed out the value of investments in research especially in alternative energy and green technology and in education and their potential role in the much-discussed stimulus package.”

The science-related challenges and choices confronting the incoming administration were a central theme of the annual AAAS Leadership Seminar on Science and Technology Policy, which convened in Washington, D.C., from 17 to 21 November. The seminar was attended by 34 professionals from academia, business, research centers, nongovernmental organizations, and foreign embassies, and they got deep insight from experts well-versed in the issues and inner workings of the nation's capital.

The seminar reflected AAAS's close engagement with the presidential campaign and transition. Earlier this year, the association helped lead an effort to bring the candidates together for a debate on science and technology. When the candidates were unavailable, it backed Scientists and Engineers for America as the group organized a pair of debates on health and energy policy featuring representatives from the campaigns of Obama and Senator John McCain.

In the days before the election, AAAS joined nearly 180 organizations in urging the next president to appoint a White House science adviser with Cabinet rank by Inauguration Day. And as President George W. Bush has prepared to leave office, AAAS wrote letters urging the administration not to weaken the scientific process underlying the Endangered Species Act and to use the best possible science in setting climate change policy.

The week-long Leadership Seminar explored issues ranging from the workings of Congress to research and development funding, the space program and the troubled U.S. visa system. But with the historic election just concluded, much of the discussion turned on the new administration's plans for science and technology.

The consensus, though cautiously optimistic, was hardly rosy, given the state of the economy.

Obama has made it clear that he sees the connection between science and many of the challenges confronting the nation. In addition to a science adviser, he's likely to appoint a chief technology officer, said author and political analyst Norman Ornstein.

Obama could act quickly on embryonic stem cell research, said Rachel Levinson, who served under the past three presidents as assistant director for life sciences in the Office of Science and Technology Policy. “I think that President Obama will release an executive order within 48 hours of his inauguration lifting the ban on federal funds for embryonic stem cell research,” predicted Levinson, who now works on special projects and research initiatives for Arizona State University.

Other initiatives may be constrained by the financial crisis, experts said. After a record $455 billion U.S. deficit for fiscal 2008, the deficit could soar past $1 trillion for 2009, said Kei Koizumi, director of the AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program. But hidden in the crisis is an opportunity, said Ornstein. There is bipartisan support for a fiscal stimulus bill–perhaps hundreds of billions of dollars.

“It's going to be all stimulus, all the time,” Ornstein quipped. “The Cialis version of government awaits us, and it'll last more than 4 hours. All of that leads to an imperative for action.”

R&D might not be a target for stimulus-funds–green research could take 10 years to pay dividends, said Greg Ip, U.S. economic editor for The Economist. But, noted Ornstein, there could be an infusion of investment for such projects as electricity grid improvement, wind power, and infrastructure upgrades.

Obama's advisers have indicated that he plans to move quickly on energy efficiency. If Congress and the new president approve a cap-and-trade system, the sale of pollution permits could generate billions more for green investments.

But several speakers at the Leadership Seminar said that education will be crucial to the energy and climate efforts.

“We need to communicate honestly to the public both the difficult challenges of bringing about a revolutionary transformation of the global energy system and the absolute necessity of starting that transformation as quickly as possible,” said Bob Simon, staff director of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. “It is a tough challenge that cannot be put off.”

On-call Scientists

New AAAS Rights Project Aims for Global Impact

During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina a decade ago, forensic pathologist Yvonne Milewski investigated mass graves in the region, identifying victims for families devastated by the conflict and compiling evidence of war crimes for a United Nations tribunal. The experience showed her how scientific skills “might be utilized in a different context within human rights organizations,” said Milewski, chief medical examiner in Suffolk County, N.Y.

With the help of a new AAAS initiative that connects scientists with human rights organizations in need of scientific expertise, Milewski's experience might be duplicated around the world. “On-call” Scientists is a new project of the AAAS Science and Human Rights Program which links scientists who can provide vital technical assistance to the organizations that promote, monitor, and protect human rights in the United States and abroad.

Since the launch of the database in late October, 87 scientists and engineers with expertise ranging from parasites to electrical engineering have signed up. The volunteers include early-career and veteran scientists, and they hail from Canada, Germany, India, Italy, Morocco, New Zealand, Nigeria, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

While human rights organizations can benefit from the pro bono consultations, scientists and engineers may also find that their work with the human rights community can reveal new applications for their knowledge, said program Director Mona Younis.

“Both scientists and human rights activists care about impact,” said Younis. “Through these relationships, human rights practitioners should see their efforts enhanced and scientists will see new opportunities to make a difference.”

The “On-call” project was unveiled at a seminar held 23 October at AAAS headquarters in Washington, D.C., which highlighted the collaboration of Milewski and other scientists who have worked with human rights organizations on issues from prisoners' health care in the U.S. to genocide in Darfur.

Younis encouraged scientists and engineers from all disciplines to consider volunteering “even if their profession is so specialized that they can't imagine a possible application to human rights.” At a minimum, she said, scientists of all backgrounds can help organizations integrate the scientific method into their data collection and analysis.

The project is supported by the AAAS Science and Human Rights Coalition, a formal network of scientific associations, professional societies, and science academies that will begin its official work at a free public conference in Washington, D.C., on 14 to 16 January 2009. Along with promoting stronger working ties between the science and human rights communities, the Coalition will address the human rights of scientists under threat and research ethics.

—Benjamin Somers and Becky Ham

Climate Policy

Game Turns Policy-Makers To Climate Players

Policy-makers tested the tools of greenhouse gas reduction last month with a game that challenges players to build a portfolio of strategies that would flatten carbon emission levels and forestall the worst effects of global warming over the next 50 years.

More than 80 congressional staff members, embassy personnel, and others participated in the Stabilization Wedge Game developed by Princeton researchers and presented at the 20 November briefing for the Congressional Research and Development Caucus. The Capitol Hill event was sponsored by AAAS's Center for Science, Technology, and Congress.

After 15 minutes of lively discussion, many of the participants had settled on a few key options: double the fuel efficiency of cars, boost the capacity of electrical and nuclear power plants, halt the destruction of carbon-storing forests, and gradually replace coal-based energy with wind and solar power projects.

The choices are all feasible with current technology, said Roberta Hotinski, a Princeton science communicator who presented the Wedge Game at the briefing. But, she said, each of the strategies presents serious challenges: They're expensive, resources might be lacking, and they could have profound social consequences.

The game is an outgrowth of a 2004 Science paper by Steve Pacala and Robert Socolow, in which the researchers suggest eight main strategies or “wedges” of greenhouse gas reduction or storage to cut projected carbon emissions by 8 billion tons per year until 2055. Without these reductions, the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide could be tripled from its pre-industrial levels by the end of the century, said Hotinski.

Adam Rosenberg, a staff member on the House Science Committee who played the game at the briefing, said his team was inspired to include new items such as geothermal energy in its wedge portfolio. “I found it to be an interesting exercise,” he said. “Several of us had certainly been looking at these energy issues for a long time, but this really helped you gauge where other players' priorities were.”

James A. “Jae” Edmonds, chief scientist at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Global Change Research Institute who also spoke at the briefing, said cost looms especially large as a challenge for implementing some of these strategies. For instance, the cost of carbon stabilization would jump significantly if developing countries delay in adopting emission reductions, he noted.

The event was the second congressional briefing on climate change sponsored this year by the AAAS Center for Science, Technology, and Congress, which has tracked climate change proposals in the 110th Congress as part of its ongoing legislative analysis.

—Harvey Leifert and Becky Ham

Annual Meeting

Scientists Convene in Chicago to Explore Earth's Past and Future

The 2009 calendar features an array of important science anniversaries, including the 200th anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin, and the 150th anniversaries of the publication of his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, the first commercial oil well, and the discovery of carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas.

As the 176th AAAS Annual Meeting convenes in Chicago next February under the banner, “Our Planet and Its Life: Origins and Futures,” these milestones are more than memories. Instead, their implications reverberate throughout science today. At this year's meeting, the top scientists and engineers from more than 50 countries will discuss cutting-edge research from a full range of disciplines, including high-energy physics, sustainability, nanotechnology, infectious disease, social and economic networks, genomics, neuroscience, science diplomacy, and other fields.

Often described as “the Olympics of science conferences,” the AAAS Annual Meeting offers attendees a chance to explore their own and other fields, as well as the broader connections between science and the rest of society. There will be nearly 175 symposia, seminars, and career development workshops. Speakers include renowned cosmologist Lord Martin Rees, physicist and energy visionary Amory Lovins, and evolutionary biologist Sean Carroll, who will discuss the latest research on the origins of life on Earth, the search for new energy sources and international scientific collaborations between developed and developing nations.

The staff of Science, ScienceNOW, and AAAS's award-winning Science Update radio program will provide extensive coverage from Chicago in news reports, podcasts, and blogs. The AAAS Annual Meeting News Blog on also will provide extensive coverage of symposia and briefings, along with links to U.S. and international news stories from the meeting.

For registration and other information about the 2009 AAAS Annual Meeting, see

—Becky Ham

AAAS Members Elected as Fellows

In November, the AAAS Council elected 486 members as Fellows of AAAS. These individuals will be recognized for their contributions to science and technology at the Fellows Forum to be held on 14 February 2009 during the AAAS Annual Meeting in Chicago. The new Fellows will receive a certificate and a blue and gold rosette as a symbol of their distinguished accomplishments. Presented by section affiliation, they are:

Section on Agriculture, Food, and Renewable Resources

  • Carol R. Buell, Michigan State University

  • Thomas J. Burr, Cornell University/N.Y. State Agricultural Experiment Station

  • S. K. De Datta, Virginia Tech

  • James J. Elser, Arizona State University

  • Louise P. Fortmann, University of California, Berkeley

  • Jianying (Jay) Gan, University of California, Riverside

  • Nancy B. Grimm, Arizona State University

  • Leon V. Kochian, USDA Agricultural Research Service

  • Schuyler S. Korban, University of Illinois

  • J. K. Ladha, International Rice Research Institute

  • Alan McHughen, University of California, Riverside

  • Kenneth J. Moore, Iowa State University

  • M. Susan Moran, USDA Southwest Watershed Research Center

  • Andrew H. Paterson, University of Georgia

  • Prem S. Paul, University of Nebraska, Lincoln

  • Michael J. Sadowsky, University of Minnesota

  • Gary Stacey, University of Missouri

  • Judith S. Stern, University of California, Davis

  • Steven H. Strauss, Oregon State University

  • Deon D. Stuthman, University of Minnesota

  • Michael J. Vepraskas, North Carolina State University

  • Paddy L.W. Wiesenfeld, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA

  • Roger Wyse, Burrill & Company

  • Shyu-Dong Yeh, National Chung-Hsing University

  • Jizhong Zhou, University of Oklahoma

Section on Anthropology

  • Susan C. Anton, New York University

  • Claude Bouchard, Louisiana State University

  • Daniel E. Brown, University of Hawaii

  • Marian Dagosto, Northwestern University

  • Robert G. Elston, University of Nevada

  • Carol R. Ember, Yale University

  • Charles F. Hildebolt, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology

  • Stephen A. Kowalewski, University of Georgia

  • Steven R. Leigh, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • Jeffrey K. McKee, Ohio State University

  • James J. McKenna, University of Notre Dame

  • J. Michael Plavcan, University of Arkansas

  • Matthew J. Ravosa, University of Missouri

  • Audrey Smedley, Virginia Commonwealth University

  • David G. Smith, University of California, Davis

Section on Astronomy

  • Charles Alcock, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

  • Marcia Bartusiak, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • James S. Bullock, University of California, Irvine

  • Jack O. Burns, University of Colorado, Boulder

  • Harriet Dinerstein, University of Texas, Austin

  • Andrew P. Gould, Ohio State University

  • Chris Kochanek, Ohio State University

  • Karen Kwitter, Williams College

  • Harry Y. McSween, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Section on Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences

  • Michael A. Celia, Princeton University

  • L. Ruby Leung, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • Alan Robock, Rutgers University

  • John Walsh, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

    Section on Biological Sciences

  • Warren G. Abrahamson, Bucknell University

  • David S. Adams, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

  • Jeffrey M. Becker, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Darwin Berg, University of California, San Diego

  • Mark D. Bertness, Brown University

  • Timothy Block, Drexel University College of Medicine

  • James U. Bowie, University of California, Los Angeles

  • Jeffrey D. Brawn, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • H. Jane Brockman, University of Florida

  • Garry R. Buettner, University of Iowa

  • Joanna Burger, Rutgers University

  • Michael Castellini, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

  • Avis H. Cohen, University of Maryland

  • Karen C. Cone, University of Missouri

  • Peter S. Curtis, Ohio State University

  • Prescott L. Deininger, Tulane University Medical Center

  • Dean DellaPenna, Michigan State University

  • Jennifer A. Doudna, University of California, Berkeley

  • Dale E. Edmondson, Emory University School of Medicine

  • Rebecca A. Efroymson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Daphne J. Fairbairn, University of California, Riverside

  • Christopher B. Field, Carnegie Institution for Science

  • Denise A. Galloway, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

  • Susan M. Gasser, Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research

  • Brandon S. Gaut, University of California, Irvine

  • Susan A. Gerbi, Brown University

  • David M. Gilbert, Florida State University

  • Myron F. Goodman, University of Southern California

  • Howard D. Grimes, Washington State University

  • Michael D. Griswold, Washington State University

  • Louis J. Gross, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Lorraine J. Gudas, Weill Medical College, Cornell University

  • Christine Guthrie, University of California, San Francisco

  • Tsonwin Hai, Ohio State University

  • Michael Hampsey, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey

  • Jo Handelsman, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  • Paul J. Hanson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • J. Daniel Hare, University of California, Riverside

  • Denham Harman, University of Nebraska Medical Center

  • Randall E. Harris, Ohio State University

  • Caroline S. Harwood, University of Washington

  • James W. Hicks, University of California, Irvine

  • James M. Hill, Louisiana State University Eye Center

  • Alan G. Hinnebusch, Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Development, NIH

  • William K. Holloman, Weill Medical College, Cornell University

  • Anita K. Hopper, Ohio State University

  • Yue-ie C. Hsing, Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology

  • Feng Sheng Hu, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • Peter Jackson, Stanford University School of Medicine

  • Kenneth A. Jacobson, University of North Carolina School of Medicine

  • Theodore S. Jardetzky, Stanford School of Medicine

  • Marshall W. Johnson, University of California, Riverside

  • H. Ronald Kaback, UCLA, David Geffen School of Medicine

  • Debra A. Kendall, University of Connecticut

  • Bruce S. Klein, University of Wisconsin

  • Daniel J. Klionsky, University of Michigan

  • Douglas E. Koshland, Carnegie Institution for Science

  • Sudhir Kumar, Arizona State University

  • Arthur D. Lander, University of California, Irvine

  • Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH

  • R. Michael Liskay, Oregon Health & Science University

  • Jun O. Liu, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

  • Carol J. Lovatt, University of California, Riverside

  • Terry Magnuson, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

  • Russell L. Malmberg, University of Georgia

  • James L. Manley, Columbia University

  • Therese A. Markow, University of Arizona

  • Mark Q. Martindale, University of Hawaii, Manoa

  • Bruce McClure, University of Missouri

  • Bruce McKee, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Mark A. McPeek, Dartmouth College

  • Marvin L. Meistrich, University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

  • Barbara J. Meyer, University of California, Berkeley

  • Thomas G. Mitchell, Duke University Medical Center

  • Michelle Momany, University of Georgia

  • Peter Mombaerts, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics

  • Timothy A. Mousseau, University of South Carolina

  • Laurence D. Mueller, University of California, Irvine

  • Joseph H. Nadaeu, Case Western Reserve University

  • Jeremy Nathans, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

  • Eugene A. Nothnagel, University of California, Riverside

  • Stephen G. Oliver, University of Cambridge

  • Baldomero Olivera, University of Utah

  • Luis F. Parada, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center

  • Nipam H. Patel, University of California, Berkeley

  • Norbert Perrimon, Harvard Medical School

  • Craig S. Pikaard, Washington University, St. Louis

  • Daryl R. Pring, University of Florida

  • Douglas D. Randall, University of Missouri

  • Anjana Rao, Harvard Medical School

  • Jeffrey V. Ravetch, Rockefeller University

  • Susan E. Riechert, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Michael R. Rose, University of California, Irvine

  • Paul B. Rothman, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

  • Rodney Rothstein, Columbia University Medical Center

  • Joan Ruderman, Harvard Medical School

  • Immo Erich Scheffler, University of California, San Diego

  • John C. Schimenti, College of Veterinary Medicine Cornell University

  • John F. Sheridan, Ohio State University

  • Neil H. Shubin, University of Chicago

  • Howard A. Shuman, Columbia University Medical Center

  • Barry D. Shur, Emory University

  • Robert H. Silverman, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute

  • Daniel Simberloff, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Gerald R. Smith, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

  • Didier Y.R. Stainier, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine

  • Oswald Steward, University of California, Irvine

  • Jeffry Stock, Princeton University

  • Michael R. Strand, University of Georgia

  • Adam P. Summers, University of California, Irvine

  • Venkatesan Sundaresan, University of California, Davis

  • Betsy M. Sutherland, Brookhaven National Laboratory

  • Gabor Szabo, University of Virginia

  • Waclaw Szybalski, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  • Jordan J.N. Tang, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

  • Susan S. Taylor, University of California, San Diego

  • Carl S. Thummel, University of Utah School of Medicine

  • Lydia Villa-Komaroff, Cytonome, Inc.

  • Geoffrey M. Wahl, The Salk Institute

  • Graham C. Walker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Johannes Walter, Harvard Medical School

  • Nancy C. Walworth, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey

  • Gregory W. Warr, Hollings Marine Laboratory

  • Michael R. Waterman, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

  • Patrick J. Weatherhead, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • Alan M. Weiner, University of Washington

  • George M. Weinstock, Washington University School of Medicine

  • Richard K. Wilson, Washington University School of Medicine

  • Samuel H. Wilson, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

  • Jeffrey Wilusz, Colorado State University

  • Eckard A.F. Wimmer, Stony Brook University School of Medicine

  • Marc S. Wold, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine

  • John L. Woolford, Carnegie Mellon University

  • Michael J. Yarus, University of Colorado, Boulder

Section on Chemistry

  • Mark M. Banaszak Holl, University of Michigan

  • Bridgette A. Barry, Georgia Institute of Technology

  • Ugo Bertocci, National Institute of Standards and Technology

  • Robert G. Bryant, University of Virginia

  • Carol J. Burns, Los Alamos National Laboratory

  • Mark J. Cardillo, The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, Inc.

  • Arup Chakraborty, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Shirley Chiang, University of California, Davis

  • Jean Chmielewski, Purdue University

  • Mukund S. Chorghade, Chorghade Enterprises

  • Robert S. Coleman, Ohio State University

  • Michael E. Coltrin, Sandia National Laboratories

  • Phillip Crews, University of California, Santa Cruz

  • Mattanjah S. de Vries, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Gautam R. Desiraju, University of Hyderabad

  • Michael Dupuis, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • William J. Evans, University of California, Irvine

  • William Fenical, University of California, San Diego

  • Graham R. Fleming, University of California, Berkeley

  • Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, Tufts University

  • Cynthia M. Friend, Harvard University

  • David W. Grainger, University of Utah

  • Nancy R. Gray, Gordon Research Conferences

  • Zhibin Guan, University of California, Irvine

  • P. Jeffrey Hay, Los Alamos National Laboratory

  • George W. Kabalka, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • William H. Kirchhoff, National Institute of Standards and Technology

  • Dilip P. Kondepudi, Wake Forest University

  • George A. Kraus, Iowa State University

  • Clark R. Landis, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  • Cynthia K. Larive, University of California, Riverside

  • Timothy P. Lodge, University of Minnesota

  • Jianpeng Ma, Baylor College of Medicine

  • Surya K. Mallapragada, Iowa State University

  • Mark Maroncelli, Pennsylvania State University

  • Susan Marqusee, University of California, Berkeley

  • Rachel W. Martin, University of California, Irvine

  • Pradip Mascharak, University of California, Santa Cruz

  • Joel S. Miller, University of Utah

  • Thomas A. Moore, Arizona State University

  • Catherine J. Murphy, University of South Carolina

  • Peter Nordlander, Rice University

  • Eric Oldfield, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • Stanley M. Parsons, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Charles H.F. Peden, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • B. Montgomery Pettitt, University of Houston

  • Frank M. Raushel, Texas A&M University

  • Jack Saltiel, Florida State University

  • Charles R. Sanders, Vanderbilt University

  • H. Bernhard Schlegel, Wayne State University

  • Andreas K. Schmid, National Center for Electron Microscopy

  • Klaus Schmidt-Rohr, Iowa State University

  • Lynn F. Schneemeyer, Rutgers University

  • Susannah L. Scott, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • David H. Sherman, University of Michigan

  • Gary Sulikowski, Vanderbilt University

  • Elizabeth C. Theil, University of California, Berkeley

  • James J. Valentini, Columbia University

  • Tom Vogt, University of South Carolina

  • J. Herbert Waite, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Mark E. Welker, Wake Forest University

  • Michael Widom, Carnegie Mellon University

  • David A. Wink, National Cancer Institute, NIH

  • Huan-Xiang Zhou, Florida State University

Section on Dentistry and Oral Health Sciences

  • Irma Thesleff, University of Helsinki

Section on Education

  • Donald L. Correll, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

  • Elson S. Floyd, Washington State University

  • Michael W. Klymkowsky, University of Colorado, Boulder

  • David D. Kumar, Florida Atlantic University

  • Wolff-Michael Roth, University of Victoria

  • Mike U. Smith, Mercer University School of Medicine

  • Conrad L. Stanitski, Franklin and Marshall College

Section on Engineering

  • Hojjat Adeli, Ohio State University

  • D. Grant Allen, University of Toronto

  • Braden R. Allenby, Arizona State University

  • Radhakisan S. Baheti, National Science Foundation

  • Issa Batarseh, University of Central Florida

  • Richard D. Braatz, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • Cynthia J. Bruckner-Lea, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • Douglas C. Cameron, Khosla Ventures

  • Jie Chen, University of California, Riverside

  • J. Gary Eden, University of Illinois

  • Said Elghobashi, University of California, Irvine

  • Harold B. Finger, Retired

  • Charles W. Forsberg, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Brendan J. Frey, University of Toronto

  • Yury Gogotsi, Drexel University

  • Yassin A. Hassan, Texas A&M University

  • J. David Irwin, Auburn University

  • Fadi J. Kurdahi, University of California, Irvine

  • Thomas R. Kurfess, Clemson University

  • Terence G. Langdon, University of Southern California

  • Gary S. May, Georgia Institute of Technology

  • Chia-Hsiang Menq, Ohio State University

  • Edward I. Moses, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

  • Nitin P. Padture, Ohio State University

  • Mary Jane Phillips, University of Toronto

  • Sarah A. Rajala, Mississippi State University

  • Danny Reible, University of Texas, Austin

  • Rebecca Richards-Kortum, Rice University

  • Sudipta Seal, University of Central Florida

  • Kamalesh K. Sirkar, New Jersey Institute of Technology

  • Eswaran Subrahmanian, Carnegie Mellon University

  • Yong Wang, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • Peter A. Wilderer, European Academy of Sciences and Arts

  • Jimmy Xu, Brown University

  • Yushan Yan, University of California, Riverside

  • Christopher Yip, University of Toronto

  • Xiang Zhang, Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center

Section on General Interest in Science and Engineering

  • Kenneth R. Fulton, National Academy of Sciences

  • Charles P. Gerba, University of Arizona

  • Michael A. Keller, Stanford University

  • John Kelley, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

  • Andrea E. Messer, Pennsylvania State University

  • David Perlman, San Francisco Chronicle

  • Joseph J. Romm, Center for Energy and Climate Solutions

Section on Geology and Geography

  • Patrick J. Bartlein, University of Oregon

  • Oliver A. Chadwick, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Patricia Gober, Arizona State University

  • Edward Landing, New York State Museum

  • Jian Lin, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute

  • Kam-Biu Liu, Louisiana State University

  • Shih-Lung Shaw, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • David A. Siegel, University of California, Santa Barbara

  • Thomas T. Veblen, University of Colorado, Boulder

  • Dawn J. Wright, Oregon State University

Section on History and Philosophy of Science

  • Angela Creager, Princeton University

  • Richard Creath, Arizona State University

  • David H. DeVorkin, National Air and Space Museum

  • Alan Touwaide, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

    Section on Industrial Science and Technology

  • Orlando Auciello, Argonne National Laboratory

  • Richard R. Burgess, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  • Franco Cerrina, University of Wisconsin, Madison

  • Charles A. Eckert, Georgia Institute of Technology

  • John A. Rogers, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Section on Information, Computing, and Communication

  • Chandrajit Bajaj, University of Texas, Austin

  • Pierre Baldi, University of California, Irvine

  • Steven E. Brenner, University of California, Berkeley

  • Alan Kay, Viewpoints Research Institute

  • Daniel E. Koditschek, University of Pennsylvania

  • Dexter Kozen, Cornell University

  • Douglas B. Lenat, Cycorp, Inc.

  • K.J. Ray Liu, University of Maryland

  • Darrell D.E. Long, University of California, Santa Cruz

  • Tom M. Mitchell, Carnegie Mellon University

  • Mart Molle, University of California, Riverside

  • Thomas P. Moran, IBM Almaden Research Center

  • Aristides A.G. Requicha, University of Southern California

  • Ravi Sandhu, University of Texas, San Antonio

  • Peter Scheuermann, Northwestern University

  • Shashi Shekhar, University of Minnesota

  • Venkatramanan S. Subrahmanian, University of Maryland

  • Leslie G. Valiant, Harvard University

Section on Linguistics and Language Science

  • Sally McConnell-Ginet, Cornell University

  • Betty Tuller, Florida Atlantic University

Section on Mathematics

  • Walter Craig, McMaster University

  • Robert J. Daverman, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Richard Durrett, Cornell University

  • Alexander Nagel, University of Wisconsin

  • Jacob Rubinstein, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology

  • William Y. Velez, University of Arizona

Section on Medical Sciences

  • Michael Bevan, University of Washington

  • Bruce R. Blazar, University of Minnesota

  • Ernest C. Borden, Cleveland Clinic

  • Michael B. Brenner, Brigham and Women's Hospital

  • Paolo Casali, University of California, Irvine

  • Webster K. Cavenee, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research

  • Cecilia Cheng-Mayer, Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center

  • Bruce D. Cheson, Georgetown University Hospital

  • David E. Clapham, Boston Children's Hospital

  • Steven S. Clinton, Ohio State University

  • Shu Man Fu, University of Virginia

  • Barbara C. Furie, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

  • Martha L. Gray, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Martin S. Hirsch, Partners AIDS Research Center

  • Rebecca D Jackson, Ohio State University

  • Kuan-Teh Jeang, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH

  • Eric Kodish, Cleveland Clinic

  • Steven L. Kunkel, University of Michigan Medical School

  • Thomas Kupper, Brigham and Women's Hospital

  • Paul A. Luciw, University of California, Davis

  • George K. Michalopoulos, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

  • Elizabeth G. Nabel, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH

  • Gary Nabel, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH

  • Daniel Ory, Washington University School of Medicine

  • Guy H. Palmer, Washington State University

  • Yvonne Paterson, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

  • Alan R. Saltiel, University of Michigan

  • Jean Elise Schaffer, Washington University School of Medicine

  • Bryan K. Slinker, Washington State University

  • Joseph G. Sodroski, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

  • Sarah Spiegel, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine

  • John W. Sweetenham, Cleveland Clinic

  • Megan Sykes, Massachusetts General Hospital

  • Snorri S. Thorgeirsson, National Cancer Institute

  • Li-Huei Tsai, Picower Institute for Learning and Memory

  • Stephen J. Weiss, University of Michigan

  • Susan R. Weiss, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

  • Irving Weissman, Stanford University

  • Judith M. White, University of Virginia

  • William T.C. Yuh, Ohio State University

    Section on Neuroscience

  • Laurence F. Abbott, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

  • Michael A. Arbib, University of Southern California

  • Jocelyne Bachevalier, Emory University

  • David M. Berson, Brown University

  • Sarah W. Bottjer, University of Southern California

  • Paul Brehm, Oregon Health & Science University

  • Ted Dawson, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

  • John P. Donoghue, Brown University

  • Gerald Fischbach, Columbia University

  • Charles G. Glabe, University of California, Irvine

  • Michael E. Goldberg, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

  • Andrea C. Gore, University of Texas, Austin

  • Fritz A. Henn, Brookhaven National Laboratory

  • Allen S. Levine, University of Minnesota

  • Robert C. Malenka, Stanford University School of Medicine

  • Herbert Needleman, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

  • Diane K. O'Dowd, University of California, Irvine

  • Dale Purves, Duke University

  • Jochen Schacht, University of Michigan

  • Sangram S. Sisodia, University of Chicago

  • Mriganka Sur, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • J. David Sweatt, University of Alabama, Birmingham

  • Gary L. Wenk, Ohio State University

  • Phyllis M. Wise, University of Washington

  • Jerrel L. Yakel, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

Section on Pharmaceutical Sciences

  • Robert Diasio, Mayo Clinic Cancer Center

  • Rodney J.Y. Ho, University of Washington

  • James P. Kehrer, Washington State University College of Pharmacy

  • Lois D. Lehman-McKeeman, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company

  • Daniel C. Liebler, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

  • Craig C. Malbon, State University of New York, Stony Brook

  • Enrico Mihich, Roswell Park Cancer Institute

  • Charles D. Smith, Medical University of South Carolina

Section on Physics

  • Zhores I. Alferov, Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute

  • Ani Aprahamian, University of Notre Dame

  • Donald R. Baer, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

  • Jonathan Bagger, Johns Hopkins University

  • William A. Bardeen, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

  • Pushpa Bhat, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

  • Carlton M. Caves, University of New Mexico

  • Robert A. Eisenstein, Santa Fe Alliance for Science

  • Rodolfo Gambini, Instituto de Fisica

  • Howard Gordon, Brookhaven National Laboratory

  • David L. Griscom, Impact Glass Research International

  • Nicholas J. Hadley, University of Maryland

  • Mikhail V. Kovalchuk, Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute

  • Prem Kumar, Northwestern University

  • James E. Lovelock, Consultant

  • Fabio Marchesoni, Universita di Camerino

  • Douglas L. Mills, University of California, Irvine

  • Earl W. Plummer, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

  • Serban Protopopescu, Brookhaven National Laboratory

  • Thomas R. Roser, Brookhaven National Laboratory

  • Qimiao Si, Rice University

  • Jerry A. Simmons, Sandia National Laboratories

  • Henry W. Sobel, University of California, Irvine

  • John C.H. Spence, Arizona State University

  • Maria Spiropulu, European Organization for Nuclear Research

  • Daniel L. Stein, New York University

  • Jeffrey Y. Tsao, Sandia National Laboratories

  • Stephan von Molnar, Florida State University

  • Samuel A. Werner, University of Missouri

  • Steven R. White, University of California, Irvine

  • Miguel J. Yacaman, University of Texas, San Antonio

  • Michael S. Zisman, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Section on Psychology

  • Martin S. Banks, University of California, Berkeley

  • Lisa Feldman Barrett, Boston College

  • Steven J. Breckler, American Psychological Association

  • Eliot A. Brenowitz, University of Washington

  • Nathan Fox, University of Maryland

  • John D.E. Gabrieli, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Barbara Landau, Johns Hopkins University

  • Douglas L. Medin, Northwestern University

  • Laura-Ann Petitto, University of Toronto

  • Linda P. Spear, Binghamton University

Section on Social, Economic, and Political Sciences

  • Kenneth Bollen, University of North Carolina

  • Steven Brint, University of California, Riverside

  • Craig Calhoun, Social Science Research Council

  • Arthur G. Cosby, Mississippi State University

  • Samuel Gubins, Annual Review

  • James J. Heckman, University of Chicago

  • Philip S. Khoury, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • Jan E. Stets, University of California, Riverside

Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering

  • Albert Carnesale, University of California, Los Angeles

  • Rochelle Anne Diamond, California Institute of Technology

  • Gerald L. Epstein, Center for Strategic and International Studies

  • Kevin Finneran, National Academy of Sciences

  • William S. Hammack, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

  • James E. Katz, Rutgers University

  • Susan M. Wolf, University of Minnesota Law School

    Section on Statistics

  • Mark Becker, University of South Carolina

  • Bernie Devlin, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

  • Xuming He, University of Illinois

  • George P. McCabe, Purdue University

  • George C. Roussas, University of California, Davis

  • Thomas J. Santner, Ohio State University

  • Leland Wilkinson, SYSTAT Inc.

  • Bin Yu, University of California, Berkeley

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