Extremely High Mutation Rate of a Hammerhead Viroid

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Science  06 Mar 2009:
Vol. 323, Issue 5919, pp. 1308
DOI: 10.1126/science.1169202

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  1. Fig. 1.

    Per-site mutation rate versus genome size for CChMVd and other biological entities [reviewed in (2) and updated with more recent data from (3)]. RNA viruses (left to right) are tobacco mosaic virus, human rhinovirus, poliovirus, vesicular stomatitis virus, bacteriophage Φ6, and measles virus. Single-stranded DNA viruses are bacteriophage ΦX174 and bacteriophage m13. Double-stranded DNA viruses are bacteriophage λ, herpes simplex virus, bacteriophage T2, and bacteriophage T4. Bacteria is Escherichia coli. Lower eukaryotes are Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Neurospora crassa. Higher eukaryotes are Caenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila melanogaster, Mus musculus, and Homo sapiens. When several estimations were available, the mean value is shown.

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