Policy ForumEcology

Reducing the Risks of the Wildlife Trade

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Science  01 May 2009:
Vol. 324, Issue 5927, pp. 594-595
DOI: 10.1126/science.1174460

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The magnitude of the international wildlife trade is immense, with estimates of billions of live animals and animal products traded globally each year (1, 2). This trade has facilitated the introduction of species to new regions, where they compete with native species for resources, alter ecosystems, damage infrastructure, and destroy crops (1, 3). It has also led to the introduction of pathogens that threaten public health, agricultural production, and biodiversity (1, 4).