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Ultrahigh Porosity in Metal-Organic Frameworks

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Science  23 Jul 2010:
Vol. 329, Issue 5990, pp. 424-428
DOI: 10.1126/science.1192160

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Network Approaches to Highly Porous Materials

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), in which inorganic centers are bridged by organic linkers, can achieve very high porosity for gas absorption. However, as the materials develop larger void spaces, there is also more room for growing interpenetrating networks—filling the open spaces not with gas molecules but with more MOFs. Furukawa et al. (p. 424, published online 1 July) describe the synthesis of a MOF in which zinc centers are bridged with long, highly conjugated organic linkers, but in which the overall symmetry of the networks created prevents formation of interpenetrating networks. Extremely high surface areas and storage capacities for hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane were observed.