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Money Woes Cast Shadow Over HIV/AIDS, But Ray of Light in South Africa

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Science  30 Jul 2010:
Vol. 329, Issue 5991, pp. 500-501
DOI: 10.1126/science.329.5991.500

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At the 18th International AIDS Conference last week, the South African government—which from 1999 to 2008 had a president who questioned whether HIV even caused disease and a health minister who advocated lemons and garlic for treatment—declared that "Today, we are guided by science." Indeed, the news from South Africa was a bright spot in what was otherwise a gloomy discussion of the funding shortfalls that threaten to slow the remarkable progress against HIV/AIDS made during the past 6 years. The sea change in South Africa—which has an estimated 5.5 million infected people, more than any other country—was especially welcomed because of a growing sentiment that the hardest hit nations must do more to help themselves.