Research Article

The Detection of a Population of Submillimeter-Bright, Strongly Lensed Galaxies

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Science  05 Nov 2010:
Vol. 330, Issue 6005, pp. 800-804
DOI: 10.1126/science.1193420

Article Information

vol. 330 no. 6005 800-804

Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication June 8, 2010
  • Accepted for publication September 21, 2010
  • .

Author Information

  1. Mattia Negrello1,*,
  2. R. Hopwood1,
  3. G. De Zotti2,3,
  4. A. Cooray4,
  5. A. Verma5,
  6. J. Bock6,7,
  7. D. T. Frayer8,
  8. M. A. Gurwell9,
  9. A. Omont10,
  10. R. Neri11,
  11. H. Dannerbauer12,
  12. L. L. Leeuw13,14,
  13. E. Barton4,
  14. J. Cooke4,7,
  15. S. Kim4,
  16. E. da Cunha15,
  17. G. Rodighiero16,
  18. P. Cox11,
  19. D. G. Bonfield17,
  20. M. J. Jarvis17,
  21. S. Serjeant1,
  22. R. J. Ivison18,19,
  23. S. Dye20,
  24. I. Aretxaga21,
  25. D. H. Hughes21,
  26. E. Ibar18,
  27. F. Bertoldi22,
  28. I. Valtchanov23,
  29. S. Eales20,
  30. L. Dunne24,
  31. S. P. Driver25,
  32. R. Auld20,
  33. S. Buttiglione2,
  34. A. Cava26,27,
  35. C. A. Grady28,29,
  36. D. L. Clements30,
  37. A. Dariush20,
  38. J. Fritz31,
  39. D. Hill25,
  40. J. B. Hornbeck32,
  41. L. Kelvin25,
  42. G. Lagache33,34,
  43. M. Lopez-Caniego35,
  44. J. Gonzalez-Nuevo3,
  45. S. Maddox24,
  46. E. Pascale20,
  47. M. Pohlen20,
  48. E. E. Rigby24,
  49. A. Robotham25,
  50. C. Simpson36,
  51. D. J. B. Smith24,
  52. P. Temi37,
  53. M. A. Thompson17,
  54. B. E. Woodgate38,
  55. D. G. York39,
  56. J. E. Aguirre40,
  57. A. Beelen34,
  58. A. Blain7,
  59. A. J. Baker41,
  60. M. Birkinshaw42,
  61. R. Blundell9,
  62. C. M. Bradford6,7,
  63. D. Burgarella43,
  64. L. Danese3,
  65. J. S. Dunlop18,
  66. S. Fleuren44,
  67. J. Glenn45,
  68. A. I. Harris46,
  69. J. Kamenetzky45,
  70. R. E. Lupu40,
  71. R. J. Maddalena8,
  72. B. F. Madore47,
  73. P. R. Maloney45,
  74. H. Matsuhara48,
  75. M. J. Michaowski19,
  76. E. J. Murphy49,
  77. B. J. Naylor6,
  78. H. Nguyen6,
  79. C. Popescu50,
  80. S. Rawlings5,
  81. D. Rigopoulou5,51,
  82. D. Scott52,
  83. K. S. Scott40,
  84. M. Seibert47,
  85. I. Smail53,
  86. R. J. Tuffs54,
  87. J. D. Vieira7,
  88. P. P. van der Werf19,55,
  89. J. Zmuidzinas6,7
  1. 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK.
  2. 2Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova, Italy.
  3. 3Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy.
  4. 4Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.
  5. 5Oxford Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK.
  6. 6Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, CA 91009, USA.
  7. 7California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
  8. 8National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Post Office Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24944, USA.
  9. 9Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  10. 10Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, Universitte Pierre et Marie Curie and CNRS, 98 bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France.
  11. 11Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 300 rue de la piscine, 38406 Saint-Martin d'Hères, France.
  12. 12Laboratoire Astrophysique, Instrumentation et Modélisation Paris Sarclay, Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique (CEA)/Direction des Sciences de la Matière–CNRS–Université Paris Diderot, Institut de Recherche sur les lois fondamentales d l’Universe/Service d’Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France.
  13. 13Physics Department, University of Johannesburg, Post Office Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa.
  14. 14SETI Institute, 515 North Whisman Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.
  15. 15Department of Physics, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion, Greece.
  16. 16Dipartimento di Astronomia, Universitá di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 2, I-35122 Padova, Italy.
  17. 17Centre for Astrophysics Research, Science and Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire, Herts AL10 9AB, UK.
  18. 18UK Astronomy Technology Center, Royal Observatory Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
  19. 19Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK.
  20. 20School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK.
  21. 21Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica, Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000 Puebla, Mexico.
  22. 22Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany.
  23. 23Herschel Science Centre, European Space Astronomy Centre, European Space Agency (ESA), Post Office Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain.
  24. 24School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK.
  25. 25Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St. Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK.
  26. 26Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C/Vía Láctea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna, Spain.
  27. 27Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain.
  28. 28Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer Street, Suite 100, Oakland, CA 94602, USA.
  29. 29Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 667, Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA.
  30. 30Astrophysics Group, Physics Department, Blackett Lab, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK.
  31. 31Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281 S9, B-9000 Gent, Belgium.
  32. 32Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.
  33. 33Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), Bâtiment 121, F-91405 Orsa, France.
  34. 34Université Paris–Sud 11 and CNRS (UMR 8617), 91400 Orsay, France.
  35. 35Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas–Universidad de Cantabria, Avenue de Los Castros s/n, Santander 39005, Spain.
  36. 36Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University Twelve Quays House, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 1LD, UK.
  37. 37Astrophysics Branch, NASA Ames Research Center, Mail Stop 245-6, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA.
  38. 38NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 667, Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA.
  39. 39Department of Astrophysics and The Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
  40. 40Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadephia, PA 19104, USA.
  41. 41Rutgers University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 136 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854–8019, USA.
  42. 42H. H. Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TL, UK.
  43. 43Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, UMR6110 CNRS, and Aix-Marseille Université, 38 rue F. Joliot-Curie, F-13388 Marseille, France.
  44. 44School of Mathematical Sciences, Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, UK.
  45. 45University of Colorado, Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, 389-UCB, Boulder, CO 80303, USA.
  46. 46Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.
  47. 47Observatories of the Carnegie Institution, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA.
  48. 48Institute for Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210, Japan.
  49. 49Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
  50. 50Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK.
  51. 51Space Science and Technology Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX, UK.
  52. 52University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z1, Canada.
  53. 53Institute for Computational Cosmology, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK.
  54. 54Max-Planck-Institut f¨r Kernphysik (MPIK), Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
  55. 55Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Post Office Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands.
  1. *To whom correspondence should be addressed E-mail: m.negrello{at}open.ac.uk

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