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Comparing Photosynthetic and Photovoltaic Efficiencies and Recognizing the Potential for Improvement

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Science  13 May 2011:
Vol. 332, Issue 6031, pp. 805-809
DOI: 10.1126/science.1200165

Article Information

vol. 332 no. 6031 805-809

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Author Information

  1. Robert E. Blankenship1,*,
  2. David M. Tiede2,*,
  3. James Barber3,
  4. Gary W. Brudvig4,
  5. Graham Fleming5,
  6. Maria Ghirardi6,
  7. M. R. Gunner7,
  8. Wolfgang Junge8,
  9. David M. Kramer9,
  10. Anastasios Melis10,
  11. Thomas A. Moore11,
  12. Christopher C. Moser12,
  13. Daniel G. Nocera13,
  14. Arthur J. Nozik14,
  15. Donald R. Ort15,
  16. William W. Parson16,
  17. Roger C. Prince17,
  18. Richard T. Sayre18
  1. 1Departments of Biology and Chemistry, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.
  2. 2Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.
  3. 3Division of Molecular Biosciences, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK; Department of Material Sciences and Engineering, Polytechnic of Turin, 10129 Turin, Italy.
  4. 4Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520–8107, USA.
  5. 5Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, and Physical Biosciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.
  6. 6Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA.
  7. 7Department of Physics, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA.
  8. 8Division of Biophysics, University of Osnabrück, D-49069 Osnabrück, Germany.
  9. 9Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and DOE-Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.
  10. 10Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720–3102, USA.
  11. 11Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287–1604, USA.
  12. 12Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
  13. 13Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139–4307, USA.
  14. 14National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA; Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.
  15. 15U.S. Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service, Photosynthesis Research Unit, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
  16. 16Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
  17. 17ExxonMobil Biomedical Sciences, Annandale, NJ 08801, USA.
  18. 18Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO 63132, USA.
  1. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: blankenship{at}wustl.edu (R.E.B.); tiede{at}anl.gov (D.M.T.)

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