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Fermi Detection of a Luminous γ-Ray Pulsar in a Globular Cluster

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Science  25 Nov 2011:
Vol. 334, Issue 6059, pp. 1107-1110
DOI: 10.1126/science.1207141

Article Information

vol. 334 no. 6059 1107-1110

PubMed: 
Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication April 18, 2011
  • Accepted for publication October 4, 2011
  • .

Article Versions

Author Information

  1. The Fermi LAT Collaboration*,
  1. P. C. C. Freire1,,
  2. A. A. Abdo2,,
  3. M. Ajello3,
  4. A. Allafort3,
  5. J. Ballet4,
  6. G. Barbiellini5,6,
  7. D. Bastieri7,8,
  8. K. Bechtol3,
  9. R. Bellazzini9,
  10. R. D. Blandford3,
  11. E. D. Bloom3,
  12. E. Bonamente10,11,
  13. A. W. Borgland3,
  14. M. Brigida12,13,
  15. P. Bruel14,
  16. R. Buehler3,
  17. S. Buson7,8,
  18. G. A. Caliandro15,
  19. R. A. Cameron3,
  20. F. Camilo16,
  21. P. A. Caraveo17,
  22. C. Cecchi10,11,
  23. Ö. Çelik18,19,20,
  24. E. Charles3,
  25. A. Chekhtman21,,
  26. C. C. Cheung22,,
  27. J. Chiang3,
  28. S. Ciprini23,11,
  29. R. Claus3,
  30. I. Cognard24,
  31. J. Cohen-Tanugi25,
  32. L. R. Cominsky26,
  33. F. de Palma12,13,
  34. C. D. Dermer27,
  35. E. do Couto e Silva3,
  36. M. Dormody28,
  37. P. S. Drell3,
  38. R. Dubois3,
  39. D. Dumora29,
  40. C. M. Espinoza30,
  41. C. Favuzzi12,13,
  42. S. J. Fegan14,
  43. E. C. Ferrara18,
  44. W. B. Focke3,
  45. P. Fortin14,
  46. Y. Fukazawa31,
  47. P. Fusco12,13,
  48. F. Gargano13,
  49. D. Gasparrini32,
  50. N. Gehrels18,
  51. S. Germani10,11,
  52. N. Giglietto12,13,
  53. F. Giordano12,13,
  54. M. Giroletti33,
  55. T. Glanzman3,
  56. G. Godfrey3,
  57. I. A. Grenier4,
  58. M.-H. Grondin34,35,
  59. J. E. Grove27,
  60. L. Guillemot1,
  61. S. Guiriec36,
  62. D. Hadasch15,
  63. A. K. Harding18,
  64. G. Jóhannesson37,
  65. A. S. Johnson3,
  66. T. J. Johnson18,22,45,2,,
  67. S. Johnston38,
  68. H. Katagiri39,
  69. J. Kataoka40,
  70. M. Keith38,
  71. M. Kerr3,
  72. J. Knödlseder41,3,
  73. M. Kramer30,1,
  74. M. Kuss9,
  75. J. Lande3,
  76. L. Latronico43,
  77. S.-H. Lee44,
  78. M. Lemoine-Goumard29,
  79. F. Longo5,6,
  80. F. Loparco12,13,
  81. M. N. Lovellette27,
  82. P. Lubrano10,11,
  83. A. G. Lyne30,
  84. R. N. Manchester38,
  85. M. Marelli17,
  86. M. N. Mazziotta13,
  87. J. E. McEnery18,45,
  88. P. F. Michelson3,
  89. T. Mizuno31,
  90. A. A. Moiseev19,45,
  91. C. Monte12,13,
  92. M. E. Monzani3,
  93. A. Morselli46,
  94. I. V. Moskalenko3,
  95. S. Murgia3,
  96. T. Nakamori40,
  97. P. L. Nolan3,
  98. J. P. Norris47,
  99. E. Nuss25,
  100. T. Ohsugi48,
  101. A. Okumura3,49,
  102. N. Omodei3,
  103. E. Orlando3,50,
  104. M. Ozaki49,
  105. D. Paneque51,3,
  106. D. Parent2,,
  107. M. Pesce-Rollins9,
  108. M. Pierbattista4,
  109. F. Piron25,
  110. T. A. Porter3,
  111. S. Rainò12,13,
  112. S. M. Ransom52,
  113. P. S. Ray27,
  114. A. Reimer53,3,
  115. O. Reimer53,3,
  116. T. Reposeur29,
  117. S. Ritz28,
  118. R. W. Romani3,
  119. M. Roth54,
  120. H. F.-W. Sadrozinski28,
  121. P. M. Saz Parkinson28,
  122. C. Sgrò9,
  123. R. Shannon38,
  124. E. J. Siskind55,
  125. D. A. Smith29,
  126. P. D. Smith56,
  127. P. Spinelli12,13,
  128. B. W. Stappers30,
  129. D. J. Suson57,
  130. H. Takahashi48,
  131. T. Tanaka3,
  132. T. M. Tauris58,1,
  133. J. B. Thayer3,
  134. G. Theureau24,
  135. D. J. Thompson18,
  136. S. E. Thorsett59,
  137. L. Tibaldo7,8,
  138. D. F. Torres15,60,
  139. G. Tosti10,11,
  140. E. Troja18,
  141. J. Vandenbroucke3,
  142. A. Van Etten3,
  143. V. Vasileiou25,
  144. C. Venter61,,
  145. G. Vianello3,62,
  146. N. Vilchez41,42,
  147. V. Vitale46,63,
  148. A. P. Waite3,
  149. P. Wang3,
  150. K. S. Wood27,
  151. Z. Yang64,65,
  152. M. Ziegler28,
  153. S. Zimmer64,65
  1. 1Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany.
  2. 2Center for Earth Observing and Space Research, College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA.
  3. 3W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
  4. 4Laboratoire AIM (Astrophysique, Instrumentation et Modélisation), CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Université Paris Diderot, Service d’Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France.
  5. 5Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.
  6. 6Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy.
  7. 7Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy.
  8. 8Dipartimento di Fisica “G. Galilei,” Università di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy.
  9. 9Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy.
  10. 10Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.
  11. 11Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy.
  12. 12Dipartimento di Fisica “M. Merlin” dell’Università e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy.
  13. 13Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, 70126 Bari, Italy.
  14. 14Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, École Polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Palaiseau, France.
  15. 15Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEE-CSIC), Campus UAB, 08193 Barcelona, Spain.
  16. 16Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.
  17. 17INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano, Italy.
  18. 18NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA.
  19. 19Center for Research and Exploration in Space Science and Technology (CRESST) and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA.
  20. 20Department of Physics and Center for Space Sciences and Technology, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA.
  21. 21Artep Inc., 2922 Excelsior Springs Court, Ellicott City, MD 21042, USA.
  22. 22National Research Council Research Associate, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC 20001, USA.
  23. 23Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, I-00044 Frascati (Roma), Italy.
  24. 24Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement, LPCE UMR 6115 CNRS, F-45071 Orléans Cedex 02, and Station de radioastronomie de Nançay, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS/INSU, F-18330 Nançay, France.
  25. 25Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier 2, CNRS/IN2P3, Montpellier, France.
  26. 26Department of Physics and Astronomy, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA 94928–3609, USA.
  27. 27Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375–5352, USA.
  28. 28Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.
  29. 29Université Bordeaux 1, CNRS/IN2p3, Centre d’Études Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, 33175 Gradignan, France.
  30. 30Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, M13 9PL, UK.
  31. 31Department of Physical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan.
  32. 32ASI Science Data Center, I-00044 Frascati (Roma), Italy.
  33. 33INAF Istituto di Radioastronomia, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  34. 34Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany.
  35. 35Landessternwarte, Universität Heidelberg, Königstuhl, D 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
  36. 36Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR), University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA.
  37. 37Science Institute, University of Iceland, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.
  38. 38Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Astronomy and Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, Epping NSW 1710, Australia.
  39. 39College of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1, Bunkyo, Mito 310-8512, Japan.
  40. 40Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan.
  41. 41CNRS, Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology (IRAP), F-31028 Toulouse cedex 4, France.
  42. 42Galaxies, Astrophysique des Hautes Energies et Cosmologie, Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, Toulouse, France.
  43. 43Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezioine di Torino, I-10125 Torino, Italy.
  44. 44Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.
  45. 45Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.
  46. 46Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma “Tor Vergata,” I-00133 Roma, Italy.
  47. 47Department of Physics, Boise State University, Boise, ID 83725, USA.
  48. 48Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan.
  49. 49Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210, Japan.
  50. 50Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, 85748 Garching, Germany.
  51. 51Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, D-80805 München, Germany.
  52. 52National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA.
  53. 53Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik and Institut für Theoretische Physik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
  54. 54Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195–1560, USA.
  55. 55NYCB Real-Time Computing Inc., Lattingtown, NY 11560–1025, USA.
  56. 56Department of Physics, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
  57. 57Department of Chemistry and Physics, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN 46323-2094, USA.
  58. 58Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, 53121 Bonn, Germany.
  59. 59Department of Physics, Willamette University, Salem, OR 97031, USA.
  60. 60Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain.
  61. 61Centre for Space Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, Private Bag X6001, 2520 Potchefstroom, South Africa.
  62. 62Consorzio Interuniversitario per la Fisica Spaziale (CIFS), I-10133 Torino, Italy.
  63. 63Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata,” I-00133 Roma, Italy.
  64. 64Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
  65. 65The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
  1. To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pfreire{at}mpifr-bonn.mpg.de (P.C.C.F.); tyrel.j.johnson{at}gmail.com (T.J.J.); dmnparent{at}gmail.com (D.P.); christo.venter{at}nwu.ac.za (C.V.)
  • * All authors with their affiliations appear at the end of the paper.

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