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Cause and Effect in Biology Revisited: Is Mayr’s Proximate-Ultimate Dichotomy Still Useful?

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Science  16 Dec 2011:
Vol. 334, Issue 6062, pp. 1512-1516
DOI: 10.1126/science.1210879

Article Information

vol. 334 no. 6062 1512-1516

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Author Information

  1. Kevin N. Laland1,*,
  2. Kim Sterelny2,3,
  3. John Odling-Smee4,
  4. William Hoppitt1,
  5. Tobias Uller5
  1. 1School of Biology, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews KY16 9TS, UK.
  2. 2School of Philosophy, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
  3. 3School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand.
  4. 4Mansfield College, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3TF, UK.
  5. 5Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.
  1. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: knl1{at}st-andrews.ac.uk

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