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The Role of Driving Energy and Delocalized States for Charge Separation in Organic Semiconductors

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Science  16 Mar 2012:
Vol. 335, Issue 6074, pp. 1340-1344
DOI: 10.1126/science.1217745

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Bands That Separate

In organic photovoltaic devices, the charge carriers that form at the interface between donor and acceptor layers—the electrons and holes—form bound states called excitons. Efficient current generation requires some mechanism for their separation and for the movement of free carriers to the electrodes. Bakulin et al. (p. 1340, published online 23 February) studied a process in which the excitons created with an optical pulse were also subjected to infrared pulses. In polymer-blend devices, a three-step process was observed: The boundstate excitons diffused toward the donor-acceptor interface, formed a charge-transfer state, and then dissociated into free carriers.

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