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A 2D Quantum Walk Simulation of Two-Particle Dynamics

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Science  06 Apr 2012:
Vol. 336, Issue 6077, pp. 55-58
DOI: 10.1126/science.1218448

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Here, There, Everywhere

Random walks are a powerful mathematical method that can be used to simulate certain processes in biology, chemistry, or even the stock market. They present a statistical method for mapping the possible routes that processes can take. Quantum walks are expected to be able to probe multiple paths simultaneously. Quantum walks have been demonstrated for one-dimensional, or straight-line, walks. Now, Schreiber et al. (p. 55, published online 8 March) demonstrate an optical system that can simulate quantum walks over a two-dimensional system, thereby providing the capability of describing much more complex processes.

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