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A Lineage of Myeloid Cells Independent of Myb and Hematopoietic Stem Cells

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Science  06 Apr 2012:
Vol. 336, Issue 6077, pp. 86-90
DOI: 10.1126/science.1219179

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Macrophage Development Rewritten

Macrophages provide protection against a wide variety of infections and critically shape the inflammatory environment in many tissues. These cells come in many flavors, as determined by differences in gene expression, cell surface phenotype and specific function. Schulz et al. (p. 86, published online 22 March) investigated whether adult macrophages all share a common developmental origin. Immune cells, including most macrophages, are widely thought to arise from hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which require the transcription factor Myb for their development. Analysis of Myb-deficient mice revealed that a population of yolk-sac–derived, tissue-resident macrophages was able to develop and persist in adult mice in the absence of HSCs. Importantly, yolk sac–derived macrophages also contributed substantially to the tissue macrophage pool even when HSCs were present.

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