Research Article

Detecting Causality in Complex Ecosystems

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Science  26 Oct 2012:
Vol. 338, Issue 6106, pp. 496-500
DOI: 10.1126/science.1227079

Article Information

vol. 338 no. 6106 496-500

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History: 
  • Received for publication July 6, 2012
  • Accepted for publication September 4, 2012

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Author Information

  1. George Sugihara1,*,
  2. Robert May2,
  3. Hao Ye1,
  4. Chih-hao Hsieh3,*,
  5. Ethan Deyle1,
  6. Michael Fogarty4,
  7. Stephan Munch5
  1. 1Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
  2. 2Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.
  3. 3Institute of Oceanography and Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan.
  4. 4Northeast Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 166 Water Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA.
  5. 5Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 110 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA.
  1. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: gsugihara{at}ucsd.edu (G.S.); chsieh{at}ntu.edu.tw (C.H.)

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