Research Article

Soil Diversity and Hydration as Observed by ChemCam at Gale Crater, Mars

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Science  27 Sep 2013:
Vol. 341, Issue 6153, 1238670
DOI: 10.1126/science.1238670

Article Information

vol. 341 no. 6153

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History: 
  • Received for publication April 3, 2013
  • Accepted for publication August 15, 2013
  • .

Author Information

  1. P.-Y. Meslin1,2,*,
  2. O. Gasnault1,2,
  3. O. Forni1,2,
  4. S. Schröder1,2,
  5. A. Cousin3,
  6. G. Berger1,2,
  7. S. M. Clegg3,
  8. J. Lasue1,2,
  9. S. Maurice1,2,
  10. V. Sautter4,
  11. S. Le Mouélic5,
  12. R. C. Wiens3,
  13. C. Fabre6,
  14. W. Goetz7,
  15. D. Bish8,
  16. N. Mangold5,
  17. B. Ehlmann9,10,
  18. N. Lanza3,
  19. A.-M. Harri11,
  20. R. Anderson12,
  21. E. Rampe13,
  22. T. H. McConnochie14,
  23. P. Pinet1,2,
  24. D. Blaney10,
  25. R. Léveillé15,
  26. D. Archer13,
  27. B. Barraclough16,
  28. S. Bender16,
  29. D. Blake17,
  30. J. G. Blank17,
  31. N. Bridges18,
  32. B. C. Clark19,
  33. L. DeFlores10,
  34. D. Delapp3,
  35. G. Dromart20,
  36. M. D. Dyar21,
  37. M. Fisk22,
  38. B. Gondet23,
  39. J. Grotzinger9,
  40. K. Herkenhoff12,
  41. J. Johnson18,
  42. J.-L. Lacour24,
  43. Y. Langevin23,
  44. L. Leshin25,
  45. E. Lewin26,
  46. M. B. Madsen27,
  47. N. Melikechi28,
  48. A. Mezzacappa28,
  49. M. A. Mischna10,
  50. J. E. Moores29,
  51. H. Newsom30,
  52. A. Ollila30,
  53. R. Perez31,
  54. N. Renno32,
  55. J.-B. Sirven24,
  56. R. Tokar16,
  57. M. de la Torre9,
  58. L. d’Uston1,2,
  59. D. Vaniman16,
  60. A. Yingst16,
  61. MSL Science Team
  1. 1Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 31028 Toulouse, France.
  2. 2CNRS, IRAP, 9 Av. Colonel Roche, BP 44346, F-31028 Toulouse cedex 4, France.
  3. 3Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA.
  4. 4Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire de Minéralogie et Cosmochimie du Muséum, 75005 Paris, France.
  5. 5LPGN, CNRS, UMR6112, Université Nantes, 44322 Nantes, France.
  6. 6GeoRessources, CNRS, UMR7356, Université de Lorraine, 54506 Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, France.
  7. 7Max Planck Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany.
  8. 8Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.
  9. 9California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
  10. 10Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA.
  11. 11Earth Observation Research Division, Finnish Meteorological Institute, 00101 Helsinki, Finland.
  12. 12U.S. Geological Survey, Astrogeology Science Center, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USA.
  13. 13NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX 77058, USA.
  14. 14University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, USA.
  15. 15Canadian Space Agency, Saint-Hubert, Quebec J3Y 8Y9, Canada.
  16. 16Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA.
  17. 17NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA.
  18. 18Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD 20723, USA.
  19. 19Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO 80301, USA.
  20. 20ENS, 69007 Lyon, France.
  21. 21Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA 01075, USA.
  22. 22Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA.
  23. 23Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, 91405 Orsay, France.
  24. 24Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, Centre de Saclay, 91400 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
  25. 25Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA.
  26. 26ISTerre, 38041 Grenoble, France.
  27. 27Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.
  28. 28Optical Science Center for Applied Research, Delaware State University, Dover, DE 19901, USA.
  29. 29Center for Research in Earth and Space Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada.
  30. 30University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.
  31. 31Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, 31400 Toulouse, France.
  32. 32Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: pmeslin{at}irap.omp.eu
  • MSL Science Team authors and affiliations are listed in the supplementary materials.

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