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Gravitational-Wave Limits from Pulsar Timing Constrain Supermassive Black Hole Evolution

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Science  18 Oct 2013:
Vol. 342, Issue 6156, pp. 334-337
DOI: 10.1126/science.1238012

Article Information

vol. 342 no. 6156 334-337

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History: 
  • Received for publication March 19, 2013
  • Accepted for publication September 6, 2013

Author Information

  1. R. M. Shannon1,*,,
  2. V. Ravi1,2,*,,
  3. W. A. Coles3,
  4. G. Hobbs1,
  5. M. J. Keith1,
  6. R. N. Manchester1,
  7. J. S. B. Wyithe2,
  8. M. Bailes4,
  9. N. D. R. Bhat4,5,
  10. S. Burke-Spolaor6,
  11. J. Khoo1,7,
  12. Y. Levin8,
  13. S. Osłowski4,
  14. J. M. Sarkissian9,
  15. W. van Straten4,
  16. J. P. W. Verbiest10,
  17. J.-B. Wang1,11
  1. 1Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Astronomy and Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, Post Office Box 76, Epping, New South Wales 1710, Australia.
  2. 2School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010, Australia.
  3. 3Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.
  4. 4Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Post Office Box 218, Hawthorn, Victoria 3122, Australia.
  5. 5International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Curtin University, Bentley, Western Australia 6102, Australia.
  6. 6Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109–8099, USA.
  7. 7CSIRO Advanced Scientific Computing, Information Management and Technology, Private Bag 33, Clayton, Victoria 3169, Australia.
  8. 8School of Physics, Monash University, Post Office Box 27, Victoria 3800, Australia.
  9. 9CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Parkes Observatory, Post Office Box 276, Parkes, New South Wales 2870, Australia.
  10. 10Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany.
  11. 11Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 150 Science 1-Street, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: ryan.shannon{at}csiro.au (R.M.S.); v.ravi{at}pgrad.unimelb.edu.au (V.R.)
  1. These authors contributed equally to this work.

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