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Science  29 Nov 2013:
Vol. 342, Issue 6162, pp. 1062-1066
DOI: 10.1126/science.342.6162.1062

29 November 2013

Edited by Kathy Wren


U.S. Natural Gas Boom Impacting Local Towns and Distant Nations

A mixed picture.

Rising natural gas production may have economic benefits for countries like the United States, but will it help or harm efforts to protect the environment?


Thanks to new extraction methods such as hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking," the United States is newly flush with natural gas. After decades of importing a large amount of the nation's gas supply, the country is poised to become a net exporter of this fuel—although the benefits of doing so have been hotly debated.

The U.S. Department of Energy in September approved the development of a new liquid natural gas (LNG) export facility, which would be the fourth of its kind and the third to be approved in the last year. Nineteen other facilities have been proposed, although it's unlikely that they will all be built, due to intensifying global competition, according to Charles Ebinger, senior fellow and director of the energy security initiative at the Brookings Institution.

"There is no question that the scale of the gas revolution is unprecedented," Ebinger said. He and other experts considered the natural gas boom in two recent events at AAAS, where it became clear that the implications of this revolution—both positive and negative—are reaching from small American towns to nations on the other side of the globe. The first discussion, on 16 October, was an annual forum sponsored by Hitachi, Ltd., and co-organized by AAAS and the Brookings Institution.

For now, U.S. natural gas resources are largely staying on the North American continent, which has helped to keep energy prices relatively low in the United States. But countries such as Japan, which imports all of its gas and oil, are eager to take advantage of U.S. exports. Meanwhile, shale gas is set to take off in other regions of the world, such as Australia, the Middle East, and potentially Russia, according to Ebinger.

Greater energy independence for the United States could have implications around the world, said Nobuo Tanaka, global associate for energy security and sustainability at the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan, especially if the U.S. government decides to abandon its traditional role in keeping open oil and gas trade routes such as the Strait of Hormuz, leading out of the Persian Gulf. It is unknown at this point who might take over that role, Tanaka said.

Domestically, shale gas has been a windfall in some regions. In Ohio's 63rd district, an area just north of Youngstown, BP has spent $330 million on lease rights alone, according to state representative Sean J. O'Brien. The region has now become one of the fastest growing areas of the country, as the gas revolution has also brought a return of many manufacturing jobs.

The picture hasn't been completely rosy, however. Locally, O'Brien noted, people have been dealing with secondary effects of fracking, which involves injecting fluid into shale beds at high pressure. More trucks are on the roads, for example, and the burning off of methane produced in the extraction of natural gas can emit chemicals that exacerbate respiratory issues such as asthma.

Ohio is just one of the many locations for which fossil fuel extraction is a new issue, and many of these places are far more populous than previous hot spots for oil and gas, noted Gretchen Goldman, an analyst for the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists.

The federal government has largely stayed out of regulating these new developments in shale gas, leaving the industry with a patchwork of regulations that vary from state to state and sometimes, as in Pennsylvania, town to town. The hands-off approach may work well for states such as Texas, where the regulation of fossil fuel exploration has a long history, Goldman said, but other states without this history may benefit from more federal guidance on managing the risks associated with oil and gas development.

In addition, the implications for the climate are often ignored in discussions of the natural gas rise, in part because this can be such a significant economic opportunity, noted Jonathan Fink, vice president for research and strategic partnerships at Portland State University in Oregon. "The short-term economic positives are drowning out the long-term climate negatives," he said. "How do we better integrate those two perspectives?"

A similar question emerged in another panel discussion at AAAS, on the global energy outlook between now and 2040. The 21 October forum was sponsored by Georgetown University's Program on Science in the Public Interest, AAAS, and the American Chemical Society.

Globally, natural gas consumption is expected to nearly double between 2010 and 2040, according to projections presented by Howard Gruenspecht, Deputy Administrator of the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Most of that increase will take place outside today's high-income countries—for example, in China and India, where economic growth is projected to drive a surge in energy use, and in the Middle East and Africa, where both economic and population growth are key drivers.

The World Bank sees access to energy services as "a huge global equity issue," said Vivien Foster, sector manager in the Sustainable Energy Department at the World Bank, whose president has joined the U.N. secretary-general as co-chairs of an initiative to achieve universal energy access by 2030.

But will it be possible to "make energy available for all without cooking the planet?" asked moderator Richard Harris of National Public Radio. Natural gas could serve as a bridge away from coal and petroleum-based fuels, because burning it produces less carbon and other pollutants. It is still a fossil fuel, however, and despite its cost advantage relative to alternatives such as nuclear and renewable power, its carbon emissions are higher than those options.

While the use of renewable energy sources is also expected to increase by 2040, particularly in the developed world, wind and solar likely will account for about 10% of the global electricity supply, compared to hydropower at about 15%, according to projections by ExxonMobil. Across all demand sectors, most of the world's use of renewable energy will come from biomass, said Rob Gardner, manager of the Economics and Energy Division of ExxonMobil's Corporate Strategic Planning Department.

Likewise, the EIA estimates that without major changes in policy, the portion of the global energy mix coming from fossil fuels will decrease only modestly, from about 85% today to about 75% in 2040.

"It's still pretty much a fossil fuel world unless the world makes [very different] policy decisions," said Gruenspecht.

AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Award Winners Named

Stories about efforts to prevent the Asian carp from invading the Great Lakes, about evolutionary stress on endangered pupfish in the Mojave Desert, and about the use of "crowdsourcing" to solve tough biological problems are among the winners of the 2013 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards.

Large Newspaper—(Circulation of 100,000 or more): Dan Egan, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, for "Deep Trouble," 19 August, 22 August, and 26 August 2012. The series examined why a seemingly radical solution, damming and reversing the flow of the Chicago River, may be necessary to protect the Great Lakes from the invasive Asian carp.

Small Newspaper—(Circulation less than 100,000): Azeen Ghorayshi, East Bay Express, for "Warning: Quake in 60 Seconds," 1 May 2013. Ghorayshi reported on the work of a group at the University of California, Berkeley, that has been developing an earthquake warning system, and she pointed out the wide gap between the United States and Japan in deployment of such systems.

Magazine: Hillary Rosner, Wired,for "Attack of the Mutant Pupfish," December 2012. Rosner described what happened when a few pupfish from a different species managed to infiltrate a refuge designed to preserve the endangered Devil's Hole pupfish in the Mojave Desert.

Television—(Spot News/Feature Reporting, 20 minutes or less): Joshua Seftel, NOVA scienceNOW, for "Adrien Treuille Profile," 14 November 2012. Seftel explained how a Carnegie Mellon University computer scientist harnessed the brainpower of thousands of people who play computer games as a way to help solve difficult biological problems such as protein folding.

Television—(In-Depth Reporting, more than 20 minutes):Dennis Wells, Linda Goldman, David Royle, Smithsonian Channel, for "Killer in the Caves," 13 March 2013. The winning program followed a bat expert and a wildlife manager in their fight against whitenose syndrome, a disease that is driving little brown bats, one of the most common bat species in the northeastern United States, toward extinction.

Radio: Howard Berkes, Andrea de Leon, Sandra Bartlett, NPR, and Chris Hamby, The Center for Public Integrity, for "As Mine Protections Fail, Black Lung Cases Surge" and "Black-Lung Rule Loopholes Leave Miners Vulnerable," 9 July and 10 July 2012. The segments described the resurgence of a disease once thought solved and weaknesses in regulatory science meant to protect coal miners.

Radio: Certificate of Merit: Ashley Ahearn, KUOW Public Radio, Seattle, for a three-part series on the potential health and environmental impacts of coal in the Pacific Northwest (11 March and 12 March 2013 and 18 June 2013).

Online: Phil McKenna, MATTER, for "Uprising: Can a self-trained scientist solve one of the biggest problems in energy policy?", 21 February 2013. McKenna, writing for an online site dedicated to long-form science journalism, described one man's hunt for natural gas leaks from urban distribution systems and their potential contribution to climate change.

Children's Science News: Barbara Lich, GEOlino magazine (Germany), for "Kaltwasserkorallen: Ein Paradies am Meeresgrund" ("Cold Water Corals: Paradise on the Seabed"), October 2012. Lich told her young readers about lesser-known cold water corals living hundreds of meters below the surface, a realm only reachable by a crewed submersible. The children's science news award, established in 2005, is the only AAAS Kavli award open to journalists from abroad, as well as the United States.

The awards, administered by AAAS since their inception in 1945, go to professional journalists for distinguished reporting for a general audience. The Kavli Foundation provided a generous endowment in 2009 that ensures the future of the awards program.

Independent panels of science journalists pick the winners, who will receive $3000 and a plaque at the 2014 AAAS Annual Meeting in Chicago in February. Learn more about the winning entries at


AAAS Members Elected as Fellows

In October 2013, the AAAS Council elected 388 members as Fellows of AAAS. These individuals will be recognized for their contributions to science and technology at the Fellows Forum to be held on 15 February 2014 during the AAAS Annual Meeting in Chicago, Illinois. The new Fellows will receive a certificate and a blue and gold rosette as a symbol of their distinguished accomplishments. Presented by section affiliation, they are:

Section on Agriculture, Food, and Renewable Resources
Patrick F. Byrne, Colorado State Univ.
James J. Giovannoni, USDA-ARS/Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell
Stewart M. Gray, USDA-ARS/Cornell Univ.
Rodney Allan Hill, Univ. of Idaho
Jonathan D. G. Jones, Univ. of East Anglia/The Sainsbury Laboratory (UK)
James E. Kinder, The Ohio State Univ.
Nora L.V. Lapitan, Colorado State Univ.
Tung-Ching Lee, Rutgers Univ.
John F. Leslie, Kansas State Univ.
Yiqi Luo, Univ. of Oklahoma
Bruce A. McDonald, ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
Debra Mohnen, Univ. of Georgia
John C. Reese, Kansas State Univ.
James N. Seiber, Univ. of California, Davis
M. (Kay) Walker Simmons, USDA-ARS
Jean L. Steiner, USDA-ARS
Section on Anthropology
Zeresenay Alemseged, California Academy of Sciences
W. Penn Handwerker, Univ. of Connecticut
Hidemi Ishida, Univ. of Shiga Prefecture (Japan)
Lisa Sattenspiel, Univ. of Missouri-Columbia
J. Josh Snodgrass, Univ. of Oregon
Matthew W. Tocheri, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History
Section on Astronomy
Donald N. B. Hall, Univ. of Hawaii
Felix J. (Jay) Lockman, National Radio Astronomy Observatory
Nancy D. Morrison, Univ. of Toledo (retired)
Stephen S. Murray, Johns Hopkins Univ./Harvard-Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
William H. Press, The Univ. of Texas at Austin
Section on Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Science
Lance F. Bosart, Univ. at Albany, SUNY
William Henry Brune III, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Arnold L. Gordon, Columbia Univ.
Jack A. Kaye, NASA
Ross J. Salawitch, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Mark H. Thiemens, Univ. of California, San Diego
Section on Biological Sciences
Alejandro Aballay, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Christopher Aiken, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Geneviéve Almouzni, Institut Curie (France)
L. Mario Amzel, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine
Allan Balmain, Univ. of California, San Francisco
Vann Bennett, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Ottar Nordal Bjørnstad, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Paul E. Bock, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Alan Richard Brash, Vanderbilt Univ.
James R. Broach, Pennsylvania State Univ. College of Medicine
Jeffrey L. Brodsky, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Barry D. Bruce, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
Linda Marie Brzustowicz, Rutgers Univ.
Ronald S. Burton, Univ. of California, San Diego
Frederic D. Bushman, Univ. of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Bradley J. Cardinale, Univ. of Michigan
Dana Carroll, Univ. of Utah School of Medicine
Peter T. Cherbas, Indiana Univ.
Alan Douglas Cherrington, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Richard Michael Clark, Univ. of Utah
Garry Thomas Cole, The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio
Philip Arthur Cole, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine
Keith A. Crandall, The George Washington Univ.
Craig Martin Crews, Yale Univ.
Andrew Dancis, Univ. of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Katayoon (Katie) Dehesh, Univ. of California, Davis
Job Dekker, Univ. of Massachusetts Boston Medical School
Concetta Christine DiRusso, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Walter K. Dodds, Kansas State Univ.
Anne M. Dranginis, St. John's Univ.
Caroline Alice Enns, Oregon Health & Science Univ.
John W. Fleeger, Louisiana State Univ.
J. Kevin Foskett, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Gordon A. Fox, Univ. of South Florida
John V. Freudenstein, The Ohio State Univ.
Robert L. Geahlen, Purdue Univ.
Anne E. Giblin, Marine Biological Laboratory
David Benjamin Goldstein, Duke Univ.
Barry M. Gumbiner, Univ. of Virginia School of Medicine
Steven James Hallam, Univ. of British Columbia(Canada)
Oliver Hankinson, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Mark Edward Hay, Georgia Institute of Technology
Terry Clyde Hazen, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
John D. Helmann, Cornell Univ.
Wim G.J. Hol, Univ. of Washington
Helen Frances James, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History
John Gene Jelesko, Virginia Tech
Stefan Peter Jentsch, Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry (Germany)
Norman F. Johnson, The Ohio State Univ.
Patricia A. Johnson, Cornell Univ.
Alan C. Kamil, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Sophien Kamoun, Sainsbury Laboratory (UK)
Matthew David Kane, National Science Foundation
William H. Karasov, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Donald W. Kaufman, Kansas State Univ.
John Klironomos, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
George M. Langford, Syracuse Univ.
Fred David Ledley, Bentley Univ.
Daniel V. Lim, Univ. of South Florida
Kenneth J. Lohmann, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Jeffrey R. Lucas, Purdue Univ.
Julin N. Maloof, Univ. of California, Davis
Peter Philip Marra, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute
Robert E. Maxson, Jr., Keck School of Medicine of the Univ. of Southern California
John H. McCusker, Duke Univ. Medical Center
David W. Meinke, Oklahoma State Univ.
David Milton Miller III, Vanderbilt Univ.
Kevin A. Morano, The Univ. of Texas Medical School at Houston
William W. Murdoch, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Kenneth H. Nealson, Univ. of Southern California
Carole Ober, The Univ. of Chicago
John J. Obrycki, Univ. of Kentucky
Richard Simon Ostfeld, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies
Richard A. Padgett, Cleveland Clinic
Dianna K. Padilla, Stony Brook Univ., SUNY
Tej Krishan Pandita, The Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Rohit V. Pappu, Washington Univ. in St. Louis
James Gerard Patton, Vanderbilt Univ.
Daniel Pauly, Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
David H. Price, Univ. of Iowa
Elizabeth C. Raff, Indiana Univ.
Philip A. Rea, Univ. of Pennsylvania
Matthew R. Redinbo, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Bing Ren, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research/Univ. of California, San Diego School of Medicine
Michael A. Rex, Univ. of Massachusetts, Boston
David F. Ritchie, North Carolina State Univ.
Marsha Rich Rosner, Univ. of Chicago
Matthew S. Sachs, Texas A&M Univ.
Ranjan Sen, NIH/National Institute on Aging
Tom H. Stevens, Univ. of Oregon
Zucai Suo, The Ohio State Univ.
John J.G. Tesmer, Univ. of Michigan
George F. Vande Woude, Van Andel Institute
Gregory L. Verdine, Harvard Univ
Veronica J. Vieland, Nationwide Children's Hospital
Karen Heather Vousden, Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute
Peter Anthony Weil, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Diana E. Wheeler, Univ. of Arizona
Malcolm E. Winkler, Indiana Univ.
Alan E. Winter, Genome British Columbia (Canada)
Sandra L. Wolin, Yale Univ. School of Medicine
Charles Wood, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Richard D. Wood, The Univ. of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Yuan Zhuang, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Section on Chemistry
Perla Beatriz Balbuena, Texas A&M Univ.
Kevin D. Belfield, Univ. of Central Florida
Squire J. Booker, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Robert H. Byrne, Univ. of South Florida
Gary S. Calabrese, Corning Incorporated
Seth M. Cohen, Univ. of California, San Diego
Steven D. Conradson, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Katharine Covert, National Science Foundation
Stephen Lawrence Craig, Duke Univ.
Stephen P. Cramer, Univ. of California, Davis/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Debbie C. Crans, Colorado State Univ.
Norman Marvin Edelstein, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Ron Elber, The Univ. of Texas at Austin
M. Samy El-Shall, Virginia Commonwealth Univ.
David S. Ginley, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Yvan Guindon, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montréal (Canada)
Sharon Hammes-Schiffer, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Bryan F. Henson, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Lyle D. Isaacs, Univ. of Maryland, College Park
Samuel P. Kounaves, Tufts Univ.
Donald M. Kurtz, Jr., The Univ. of Texas at San Antonio
Patrick Alan Limbach, Univ. of Cincinnati
Katrina Marie Miranda, Univ. of Arizona
Kenton J. Moody, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Nicos A. Petasis, Univ. of Southern California
Blake Robert Peterson, Univ. of Kansas
Tijana Rajh, Argonne National Laboratory
Charles G. Riordan, Univ. of Delaware
Oliver Sacks, New York Univ. School of Medicine
Peter G. Schultz, Scripps Research Institute
Robert A. Scott, Univ. of Georgia
Lynda Soderholm, Argonne National Laboratory
Nicola A. Spaldin, ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
Kosta Steliou, Boston Univ. School of Medicine
Albert E. Stiegman, Florida State Univ.
Jay A. Switzer, Missouri Univ. of Science and Technology
Bradley M. Tebo, Oregon Health & Science Univ.
Joseph L. Templeton, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Tehshik P. Yoon, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Junfeng (Jim) Zhang, Duke Univ.
Section on Dentistry and Oral Health Sciences
Troy Edward Daniels, Univ. of California, San Francisco
Matthew Philip Hoffman, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Peter X. Ma, Univ. of Michigan School of Dentistry & College of Engineering
Cindy L. Munro, Univ. of South Florida
John Timothy Wright, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Section on Education
Joan S. Bissell, California State Univ.
Judy Diamond, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
D. Ellen M. Granger, Florida State Univ.
Catherine E. Milne, New York Univ.
Muriel E. Poston, Pitzer College
C. Gary Reiness, Lewis & Clark College
Patricia E. Simmons, North Carolina State Univ.
Harold B. White III, Univ. of Delaware
Adele Judith Wolfson, Wellesley College
Section on Engineering
François Baneyx, Univ. of Washington
Mark A. Barteau, Univ. of Michigan
Stephen A. Boppart, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
James J. Collins, Boston Univ.
Harold G. Craighead, Cornell Univ.
Horacio Dante Espinosa, Northwestern Univ.
Glenn H. Fredrickson, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Sharon C. Glotzer, Univ. of Michigan
Kenneth E. Goodson, Stanford Univ.
Kevin Edward Healy, Univ. of California, Berkeley
Kanti Jain, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ali Khademhosseini, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School
William P. King, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Klaus S. Lackner, Columbia Univ.
Robert Samuel Langer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cato Thomas Laurencin, Univ. of Connecticut Health Center
Frances S. Ligler, North Carolina State Univ./ Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Bruce Ernest Logan, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Hang Lu, Georgia Institute of Technology
Glenn E. Lucas, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Mia K. Markey, The Univ. of Texas at Austin
Suresh Menon, Georgia Institute of Technology
Adrienne R. Minerick, Michigan Technology Univ.
Brij M. Moudgil, Univ. of Florida
Carlo Uberto Segre, Illinois Institute of Technology
David N. Seidman, Northwestern Univ.
Shankar Subramaniam, Univ. of California, San Diego
Grétar Tryggvason, Univ. of Notre Dame
Bruce C. Wheeler, Univ. of Florida
Xi-Cheng Zhang, Univ. of Rochester/Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Section on General Interest in Science and Engineering
Dominique Brossard, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Susan Gaidos, Freelance Science Journalist
Francesca T. Grifo, Union of Concerned Scientists
Julia A. Moore, The Pew Charitable Trusts
Ginger Pinholster, American Association for the Advancement of Science
David F. Salisbury, Vanderbilt Univ.
Section on Geology and Geography
John A. Agnew, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Sherilyn Claire Fritz, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Kevin P. Furlong, Pennsylvania State Univ.
Thomas A. Herring, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Malcolm Hughes, Univ. of Arizona
Thomas C. Johnson, Univ. of Minnesota Duluth
Alan M. MacEachren, Pennsylvania State Univ.
David Lachlan Meyer, Univ. of Cincinnati
Arnold I. Miller, Univ. of Cincinnati
Jean-Bernard Minster, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Univ. of California San Diego
Walter Clarkson Pitman III, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
James E. Quick, Southern Methodist Univ.
Henry P. Schwarcz, McMaster Univ. (Canada)
Section on History and Philosophy of Science
James Bogen, Univ. of Pittsburgh
Jonathan C. Coopersmith, Texas A&M Univ.
Karen A. Rader, Virginia Commonwealth Univ.
Rose-Mary Sargent, Merrimack College
Section on Industrial Science and Technology
Sudarsanam Suresh Babu, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville/ Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Martin Keller, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Proctor Page Reid, National Academy of Engineering
James M. Utterback, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Section on Information, Computing, and Communication
Nancy M. Amato, Texas A&M Univ.
Duncan A. Buell, Univ. of South Carolina
Henrik Iskov Christensen, Georgia Institute of Technology
Jeffrey Dean, Google, Inc.
Carla P. Gomes, Cornell Univ.
Ananth Grama, Purdue Univ.
Robert L. Grossman, Univ. of Chicago
Thomas A. Henzinger, Institute of Science and Technology Austria
Charles E. Leiserson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Deborah L. McGuinness, Rensselaer Polytechnic Univ.
Sudeep Sarkar, Univ. of South Florida
Alvy Ray Smith, Ars Longa
Mark A. Stalzer, California Institute of Technology
Section on Linguistics and Language Sciences
Joseph Aoun, Northeastern Univ.
Ian Maddieson, Univ. of New Mexico
Wayne O'Neil, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Douglas H. Whalen, City Univ. of New York/Haskins Laboratories
Section on Mathematics
Steven F. Ashby, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Christian Borgs, Microsoft Research
Robert P. Lipton, Louisiana State Univ.
David C. Manderscheid, The Ohio State Univ.
Qing Nie, Univ. of California, Irvine
Philip Protter, Columbia Univ.
Shmuel Weinberger, Univ. of Chicago
Section on Medical Sciences
Michael Andreeff, The Univ. of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Carlos L. Arteaga, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Robert Daniel Beauchamp, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Donald M. Bers, Univ. of California, Davis
James B. Bliska, Stony Brook Univ., SUNY
Marc G. Caron, Duke Univ. Medical Center
John M. Coffin, Tufts Univ. School of Medicine
Timothy L. Cover, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Robin L. Davisson, Cornell Univ. College of Veterinary Medicine/Weill Cornell Medical College
George S. Deepe, Jr., Univ. of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Ethan Dmitrovsky, The Univ. of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Robert W. Doms, Univ. of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Ferric C. Fang, Univ. of Washington School of Medicine
Toren Finkel, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
Walter R. Frontera Roura, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Frank Davis Gilliland, Keck School of Medicine of the Univ. of Southern California
James Richard Goldenring, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine/Nashville VA Medical Center
Sandra Lee Hofmann, The Univ. of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Michael J. Holtzman, Washington Univ. School of Medicine in St. Louis
Michael B. Kastan, Duke Univ.
Karl D. Kieburtz, Univ. of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry
Robert J. Lefkowitz, Duke Univ. Medical Center
MacRae Fort Linton, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Fu-Tong Liu, Academia Sinica (Taiwan)/Univ. of California, Davis
Kevin C. Kent Lloyd, Univ. of California, Davis School of Medicine
Mark Alan Magnuson, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Rob McConnell, Keck School of Medicine of the Univ. of Southern California
Paul B. McCray Jr., Univ. of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Frederick J. Meyers, Univ. of California, Davis School of Medicine
Charles Emerson Murry, Univ. of Washington
M. Bishr Omary, Univ. of Michigan Medical School
Heloise Anne Pereira, Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Edward F. Plow, Cleveland Clinic
David Robertson, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Diane M. Robins, Univ. of Michigan Medical School
Marc Elliot Rothenberg, Univ. of Cincinnati College of Medicine/Cincinnati Children's Hospital
Samuel A. Santoro, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Timothy Alan Springer, Boston Children's Hospital/Harvard Medical School
John L. Sullivan, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School
Luke I. Szweda, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation
Joel E. Tepper, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
David M. Virshup, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School (Singapore)
Section on Neuroscience
Scott Thomas Brady, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago
Steven J. Burden, New York Univ. Langone Medical Center
Valina Lynn Dawson, Johns Hopkins Univ. School of Medicine
Bart De Strooper, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium)
Gordon L. Fain, Univ. of California, Los Angeles
Herbert M. Geller, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
Bernardino Ghetti, Indiana Univ. School of Medicine
Scott T. Grafton, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Nobutaka Hirokawa, Univ. of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)
Ole Isacson, McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical School
Brian K. Kaspar, Nationwide Children's Hospital
Eric Klann, New York Univ.
Theresa M. Lee, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville
John E. Lisman, Brandeis Univ.
Joan F. Lorden, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte
James O'Connell McNamara, Duke Univ. Medical Center
Lin Mei, Georgia Regents Univ. Medical College of Georgia
Craig Montell, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara
Wolf Singer, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research/Ernst Strüngmann Institute for Neuroscience (Germany)
Olaf Sporns, Indiana Univ.
Leslie Michels Thompson, Univ. of California, Irvine
Flora M. Vaccarino, Yale Univ. School of Medicine
Berislav V. Zlokovic, Keck School of Medicine of the Univ. of Southern California
Section on Pharmaceutical Sciences
Joseph Thomas DiPiro, Medical Univ. of South Carolina/Univ. of South Carolina
Richard A. Houghten, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies
Paul A. Newhouse, Vanderbilt Univ. School of Medicine
Peter Charles Preusch, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences
John A. Secrist III, Southern Research Institute
Miguel Angel Villalona-Calero, The Ohio State Univ.
Section on Physics
Daniela Bortoletto, Univ. of Oxford (UK)
Édouard Brézin, École Normale Supérieure (France)
Jean-Christophe Charlier, Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium)
Giulia Galli, Univ. of Chicago
Ronald Gilman, Rutgers Univ.
Thomas Glasmacher, Michigan State Univ.
Donald L. Hartill, Cornell Univ.
Beverly Karplus Hartline, Montana Tech
David A. Huse, Princeton Univ.
Andreas S. Kronfeld, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Glen Lambertson, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
M. Cristina Marchetti, Syracuse Univ.
Charles M. Marcus, Univ. of Copenhagen (Denmark)
Laszlo Mihaly, Stony Brook Univ., SUNY
Andrew J. Millis, Columbia Univ.
David Julian Sellmyer, Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Didier Sornette, ETH Zürich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology)
C. Megan Urry, Yale Univ.
Nikos Varelas, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago
Section on Psychology
Toni Claudette Antonucci, Univ. of Michigan
Eugene Borgida, Univ. of Minnesota Twin Cities
John P. Capitanio, Univ. of California, Davis/California National Primate Research Center
Leonard H. Epstein, Univ. at Buffalo School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, SUNY
Mark Stuart Goldman, Univ. of South Florida
Eileen Kowler, Rutgers Univ.
Helen S. Mayberg, Emory Univ. School of Medicine
Section on Social, Economic, and Political Sciences
Ann Bostrom, Univ. of Washington
Paul D. Cleary, Yale Univ.
Peter Lange, Duke Univ.
Alberto Palloni, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison
Section on Societal Impacts of Science and Engineering
Jay Apt, Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Steven C. Currall, Univ. of California, Davis
Michele S. Garfinkel, European Molecular Biology Organization (Germany)
Joseph R. Herkert, Arizona State Univ.
Anne-Marie Carroll Mazza, National Academy of Sciences
Section on Statistics
Raymond J. Carroll, Texas A&M Univ.
Keith N. Crank, Retired
Barry R. Davis, The Univ. of Texas School of Public Health
Kim-Anh Do, The Univ. of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Mark Scott Kamlet, Carnegie Mellon Univ.
Bani K. Mallick, Texas A&M Univ.
H. Joseph Newton, Texas A&M Univ.
Stephen W. Pierson, American Statistical Association
Robert T. Smythe, Oregon State Univ.
Michael Stein, Univ. of Chicago
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