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Habitability, Taphonomy, and the Search for Organic Carbon on Mars

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Science  24 Jan 2014:
Vol. 343, Issue 6169, pp. 386-387
DOI: 10.1126/science.1249944


  • Image taken by the Mars Hand Lens Imager of the John Klein drill hole (1.6 cm in diameter) at Yellowknife Bay reveals gray cuttings of mudstone (ancient lake sediments), rock powder, and interior wall.

    An array of eight ChemCam laser shot points can be seen. The gray color suggests that reduced, rather than oxidized, chemical compounds and minerals dominated the pore fluid chemistry of the ancient sediment. A cross-cutting network of sulfate-filled fractures indicates later flow of groundwater through fractures after the sediment was lithified.


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