Tolerance for Predatory Wildlife

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Science  02 May 2014:
Vol. 344, Issue 6183, pp. 476-477
DOI: 10.1126/science.1252690

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Around the world, populations of many large, predatory animals are declining, with wide-ranging consequences for other species and ecosystem services (1). The declines have a variety of causes, but for mammalian carnivores and sharks, direct human causes of mortality predominate (2). Scientists and policy-makers have concluded that promoting human tolerance is critical to the success of predator conservation efforts (1, 35). Yet the factors that affect people's tolerance of wildlife are not well understood.