The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  30 May 2014:
Vol. 344, Issue 6187, 1246752
DOI: 10.1126/science.1246752

You are currently viewing the figures only.

View Full Text

Log in to view the full text

Log in through your institution

Log in through your institution

  1. Fig. 1 The sizes of geographical ranges.

    (A to E) In red, the cumulative proportions of species against log range size in km2 for selected groups of species. In black, the lognormal distributions with the same corresponding log means and variances. Numbers are the log means. See details in (53). The photographs are from S.L.P., except the plant—an undescribed species of Corybas orchid (Stephanie Pimm Lyon) and a newly discovered frog, Andinobates cassidyhornae (Luiz Maziergos). All reproduced with permission.

  2. Fig. 2 Fine-scale patterns of terrestrial vertebrate diversity.

    (A) The numbers of threatened mammal species and (B) those with ranges smaller than the median range size. (C) and (D) show the corresponding maps for amphibians. See details in (53).

  3. Fig. 3 Relative numbers of flowering plant species in the different regions used by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (43).

    (A) All species and (B) endemic species. See details in (53).

  4. Fig. 4 Relative numbers of freshwater fish species in the different freshwater ecoregions (52).

    (A) All species and (B) endemic species. See details in (53).

  5. Fig. 5 The distribution of species in the marine snail genus Conus.

    (A) The numbers of all species; (B) those with ranges smaller than the median range size; (C) those threatened; and (D) data-deficient species for which there is insufficient data to assess their status. Figure S2 provides a detail of the Cape Verde islands, where a large number of small-ranged species live. The terrestrial background is shown in approximately true color to show the distribution of forests (dark green) and drylands (buff) and oceanic bathymetry (darker colors mean deeper water). See details in (53).

  6. Fig. 6 Combining databases to assess the changing status of biodiversity.

    Maps (A) and (B) show land cover change in the Yucatan peninsula of Central America. Forest-cover data for 2000 to 2005 available at Although protected areas increased over time, there was extensive deforestation in lowland Guatemala from 1990 to 2000 (shown in red), some of it in protected areas. Forest loss slowed from 2000 to 2005. (C) Deforestation has reduced and fragmented the ranges of four exemplar species endemic to the Yucatan. (D) All iNaturalist records from this area. See details in (53).

Stay Connected to Science