Research Article

Onset of Mediterranean outflow into the North Atlantic

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Science  13 Jun 2014:
Vol. 344, Issue 6189, pp. 1244-1250
DOI: 10.1126/science.1251306

Article Information

vol. 344 no. 6189 1244-1250

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History: 
  • Received for publication January 24, 2014
  • Accepted for publication May 8, 2014
  • .

Author Information

  1. F. Javier Hernández-Molina1,*,
  2. Dorrik A. V. Stow2,
  3. Carlos A. Alvarez-Zarikian3,
  4. Gary Acton4,
  5. André Bahr5,
  6. Barbara Balestra6,
  7. Emmanuelle Ducassou7,
  8. Roger Flood8,
  9. José-Abel Flores9,
  10. Satoshi Furota10,
  11. Patrick Grunert11,
  12. David Hodell12,
  13. Francisco Jimenez-Espejo13,
  14. Jin Kyoung Kim14,
  15. Lawrence Krissek15,
  16. Junichiro Kuroda16,
  17. Baohua Li17,
  18. Estefania Llave18,
  19. Johanna Lofi19,
  20. Lucas Lourens20,
  21. Madeline Miller21,
  22. Futoshi Nanayama22,
  23. Naohisa Nishida22,
  24. Carl Richter23,
  25. Cristina Roque24,
  26. Hélder Pereira25,
  27. Maria Fernanda Sanchez Goñi26,
  28. Francisco J. Sierro9,
  29. Arun Deo Singh27,
  30. Craig Sloss28,
  31. Yasuhiro Takashimizu29,
  32. Alexandrina Tzanova30,
  33. Antje Voelker24,
  34. Trevor Williams31,
  35. Chuang Xuan32
  1. 1Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK.
  2. 2Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, UK.
  3. 3International Ocean Discovery Program, Department of Oceanography, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77845, USA.
  4. 4Department of Geography and Geology, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, TX 77341, USA.
  5. 5Institute of Geosciences, University of Frankfurt, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.
  6. 6Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA.
  7. 7EPOC, Université de Bordeaux, 33615 Pessac Cedex, France.
  8. 8School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.
  9. 9Departamento de Geología, Universidad de Salamanca, 3008 Salamanca, Spain.
  10. 10Department of Natural History Sciences, Hokkaido University, N10W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.
  11. 11Institute for Earth Sciences, University of Graz, A-8010 Graz, Austria.
  12. 12Godwin Laboratory for Palaeoclimate Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EQ, UK.
  13. 13Department of Biogeochemistry, JAMSTEC, 237-0061 Yokosuka, Japan.
  14. 14Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology, Ansan 426-744, Korea.
  15. 15School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
  16. 16Institute for Frontier Research on Earth Evolution (IFREE), JAMSTEC, 2-15 Natsushima-Cho, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa 237-0061, Japan.
  17. 17Department of Micropalaeontology, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R. China.
  18. 18Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, Ríos Rosas 23, 28003 Madrid, Spain.
  19. 19Géosciences Montpellier, Université Montpellier II, 34090 Montpellier, France, and Department of Geology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.
  20. 20Institute of Earth Sciences, Utrecht University, 3584 CD Utrecht, Netherlands.
  21. 21Department of Mechanical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
  22. 22Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, Geological Survey of Japan (AIST), Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.
  23. 23School of Geosciences, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA 70504, USA.
  24. 24Divisão de Geologia e Georecursos Marinhos, IPMA, 1749-077 Lisboa, Portugal.
  25. 25Grupo de Biologia e Geologia, Escola Secundária de Loulé, 8100-740 Loulé, Portugal.
  26. 26École Pratique des Hautes Etudes, EPOC, Université de Bordeaux, 33615 Pessac, France.
  27. 27Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.
  28. 28School of Earth, Environmental and Biological Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia.
  29. 29Department of Geology, Faculty of Education, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181, Japan.
  30. 30Department of Geological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA.
  31. 31Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, NY 10964, USA.
  32. 32Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, University of Southampton, Waterfront Campus, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: javier.hernandez-molina{at}rhul.ac.uk

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