Research Article

Neandertal roots: Cranial and chronological evidence from Sima de los Huesos

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Science  20 Jun 2014:
Vol. 344, Issue 6190, pp. 1358-1363
DOI: 10.1126/science.1253958

Article Information

vol. 344 no. 6190 1358-1363

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History: 
  • Received for publication March 26, 2014
  • Accepted for publication May 12, 2014
  • .

Author Information

  1. J. L. Arsuaga1,2,*,
  2. I. Martínez3,1,
  3. L. J. Arnold4,5,
  4. A. Aranburu6,
  5. A. Gracia-Téllez3,1,
  6. W. D. Sharp7,
  7. R. M. Quam8,9,1,
  8. C. Falguères10,
  9. A. Pantoja-Pérez1,2,
  10. J. Bischoff11,
  11. E. Poza-Rey1,2,
  12. J. M. Parés4,
  13. J. M. Carretero12,
  14. M. Demuro4,13,
  15. C. Lorenzo14,15,1,
  16. N. Sala1,
  17. M. Martinón-Torres4,
  18. N. García1,2,
  19. A. Alcázar de Velasco1,
  20. G. Cuenca-Bescós16,
  21. A. Gómez-Olivencia1,10,17,
  22. D. Moreno10,12,
  23. A. Pablos1,4,12,
  24. C.-C. Shen18,
  25. L. Rodríguez12,
  26. A. I. Ortega4,
  27. R. García12,
  28. A. Bonmatí1,2,
  29. J. M. Bermúdez de Castro4,
  30. E. Carbonell15,14,19
  1. 1Centro Mixto UCM-ISCIII de Evolución y Comportamiento Humanos, Madrid, Spain.
  2. 2Departamento de Paleontología, Facultad Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain.
  3. 3Área de Paleontología, Departamento de Geología, Geografía y Medio Ambiente, Universidad de Alcalá, Spain.
  4. 4Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana Burgos, Spain.
  5. 5School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, the Environment Institute, and the Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), University of Adelaide, Australia.
  6. 6Departamento Mineralogía y Petrología, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco, Spain.
  7. 7Berkeley Geochronology Center, Berkeley, CA, USA.
  8. 8Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University (State University of New York), Binghamton, NY, USA.
  9. 9Division of Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY, USA.
  10. 10Département de Préhistoire, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
  11. 11U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA,USA.
  12. 12Laboratorio de Evolución Humana, Departamento de Ciencias Históricas y Geografía, Universidad de Burgos, Spain.
  13. 13Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS), School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Australia.
  14. 14Àrea de Prehistòria, Departamento d’Història i Història de l’Art, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona, Spain.
  15. 15Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social, Tarragona, Spain.
  16. 16Paleontología, Aragosaurus-IUCA and Facultad Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain.
  17. 17PAVE Research Group, Division of Biological Anthropology, Cambridge, UK.
  18. 18High-Precision Mass Spectrometry and Environment Change Laboratory (HISPEC), Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taiwan ROC.
  19. 19Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology of Beijing (IVPP), China.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: jlarsuaga{at}isciii.es

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