A fracture-resistant high-entropy alloy for cryogenic applications

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Science  05 Sep 2014:
Vol. 345, Issue 6201, pp. 1153-1158
DOI: 10.1126/science.1254581

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A metal alloy that is stronger when cold

Metal alloys normally consist of one dominant element, with others in small amounts to improve specific properties. For example, stainless steel is primarily iron with nickel and chromium but may contain trace amounts of other elements. Gludovatz et al. explored the properties of a high-entropy alloy made from equal amounts of chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt, and nickel. Not only does this alloy show excellent strength, ductility, and toughness, but these properties improve at cryogenic temperatures where most alloys change from ductile to brittle.

Science, this issue p. 1153