Research Article

The early spread and epidemic ignition of HIV-1 in human populations

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Science  03 Oct 2014:
Vol. 346, Issue 6205, pp. 56-61
DOI: 10.1126/science.1256739

Article Information

vol. 346 no. 6205 56-61

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History: 
  • Received for publication May 30, 2014
  • Accepted for publication September 3, 2014

Author Information

  1. Nuno R. Faria1,2,
  2. Andrew Rambaut3,4,5,
  3. Marc A. Suchard6,7,
  4. Guy Baele2,
  5. Trevor Bedford8,
  6. Melissa J. Ward3,
  7. Andrew J. Tatem4,9,
  8. João D. Sousa2,10,
  9. Nimalan Arinaminpathy1,
  10. Jacques Pépin11,
  11. David Posada12,
  12. Martine Peeters13,
  13. Oliver G. Pybus1,*,,
  14. Philippe Lemey2,*,
  1. 1Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.
  2. 2KU Leuven - University of Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Clinical and Epidemiological Virology, Minderbroedersstraat 10, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.
  3. 3Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Laboratories, Kings Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK.
  4. 4Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
  5. 5Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JT, UK.
  6. 6Departments of Biomathematics and Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1766, USA.
  7. 7Department of Biostatistics, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1766, USA.
  8. 8Vaccine and Infectious Disease Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.
  9. 9Department of Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton, UK.
  10. 10Centro de Malária e outras Doenças Tropicais and Unidade de Microbiologia, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Rua da Junqueira 100, 1349-008 Lisbon, Portugal.
  11. 11Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Université de Sherbrooke, CHUS, 3001, 12ème Avenue Nord, Sherbrooke, QC J1H 5N4, Canada.
  12. 12Department of Biochemistry, Genetics and Immunology, University of Vigo, Vigo 36310, Spain.
  13. 13Laboratoire Retrovirus, UMI233, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement and University of Montpellier, 911 Avenue Agropolis, BP5045, 34032 Montpellier, France.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: philippe.lemey{at}rega.kuleuven.be (P.L.); oliver.pybus{at}zoo.ox.ac.uk (O.G.P.)
  1. These authors contributed equally to this work.

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