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Recovery of large carnivores in Europe’s modern human-dominated landscapes

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Science  19 Dec 2014:
Vol. 346, Issue 6216, pp. 1517-1519
DOI: 10.1126/science.1257553

Article Information

vol. 346 no. 6216 1517-1519

PubMed: 
Print ISSN: 
Online ISSN: 
History: 
  • Received for publication June 17, 2014
  • Accepted for publication November 13, 2014
  • .

Author Information

  1. Guillaume Chapron1,*,,
  2. Petra Kaczensky2,
  3. John D. C. Linnell3,
  4. Manuela von Arx4,
  5. Djuro Huber5,
  6. Henrik Andrén1,
  7. José Vicente López-Bao1,6,,
  8. Michal Adamec7,
  9. Francisco Álvares8,
  10. Ole Anders9,
  11. Linas Balčiauskas10,
  12. Vaidas Balys11,
  13. Péter Bedő12,
  14. Ferdinand Bego13,
  15. Juan Carlos Blanco14,
  16. Urs Breitenmoser4,15,
  17. Henrik Brøseth3,
  18. Luděk Bufka16,
  19. Raimonda Bunikyte17,
  20. Paolo Ciucci18,
  21. Alexander Dutsov19,
  22. Thomas Engleder20,
  23. Christian Fuxjäger21,
  24. Claudio Groff22,
  25. Katja Holmala23,
  26. Bledi Hoxha24,
  27. Yorgos Iliopoulos25,
  28. Ovidiu Ionescu26,27,
  29. Jasna Jeremić28,
  30. Klemen Jerina29,
  31. Gesa Kluth30,
  32. Felix Knauer2,
  33. Ilpo Kojola31,
  34. Ivan Kos29,
  35. Miha Krofel29,
  36. Jakub Kubala32,
  37. Saša Kunovac33,
  38. Josip Kusak5,
  39. Miroslav Kutal34,35,
  40. Olof Liberg1,
  41. Aleksandra Majić29,
  42. Peep Männil36,
  43. Ralph Manz4,
  44. Eric Marboutin37,
  45. Francesca Marucco38,
  46. Dime Melovski39,40,
  47. Kujtim Mersini41,
  48. Yorgos Mertzanis25,
  49. Robert W. Mysłajek42,
  50. Sabina Nowak43,
  51. John Odden3,
  52. Janis Ozolins44,
  53. Guillermo Palomero45,
  54. Milan Paunović46,
  55. Jens Persson1,
  56. Hubert Potočnik29,
  57. Pierre-Yves Quenette47,
  58. Georg Rauer2,
  59. Ilka Reinhardt30,
  60. Robin Rigg12,
  61. Andreas Ryser4,
  62. Valeria Salvatori48,
  63. Tomaž Skrbinšek29,
  64. Aleksandar Stojanov39,
  65. Jon E. Swenson3,49,
  66. László Szemethy50,
  67. Aleksandër Trajçe24,
  68. Elena Tsingarska-Sedefcheva19,
  69. Martin Váňa35,
  70. Rauno Veeroja36,
  71. Petter Wabakken51,
  72. Manfred Wölfl52,
  73. Sybille Wölfl53,
  74. Fridolin Zimmermann4,
  75. Diana Zlatanova54,
  76. Luigi Boitani18
  1. 1Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 73091 Riddarhyttan, Sweden.
  2. 2Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Savoyenstrasse 1, 1160 Vienna, Austria.
  3. 3Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Post Office Box 5685 Sluppen, 7485 Trondheim, Norway.
  4. 4KORA, Thunstrasse 31, 3074 Muri bei Bern, Switzerland.
  5. 5Biology Department of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Heinzelova 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
  6. 6Research Unit of Biodiversity (UO/CSIC/PA), Oviedo University, 33600 Mieres, Spain.
  7. 7State Nature Conservancy of Slovak Republic, Tajovskeho 28B, 974 01 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia.
  8. 8CIBIO/InBio, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal.
  9. 9Harz Nationalpark, Lindenallee 35, 38855 Wernigerode, Germany.
  10. 10Nature Research Centre, Akademijos 2, 08412 Vilnius, Lithuania.
  11. 11Association for Nature Conservation "Baltijos vilkas," Visoriu 6A-54, 08300 Vilnius, Lithuania.
  12. 12Slovak Wildlife Society, Post Office Box 72, 03301 Liptovsky Hradok, Slovakia.
  13. 13Biology Department of the Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tirana, Boulevard Zog I, Tirana, Albania.
  14. 14Wolf Project, Consultores en Biología de la Conservación, Calle Manuela Malasana 24, 28004 Madrid, Spain.
  15. 15Centre for Fish and Wildlife Health, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Länggassstrasse 122, 3012 Bern, Switzerland.
  16. 16Department of Game Management and Wildlife Biology, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague, Czech Republic.
  17. 17Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania, Jakšto 4/9, 01105 Vilnius, Lithuania.
  18. 18Department of Biology and Biotechnologies, University of Rome “La Sapienza,” Viale dell’Università 32, 00185 Roma, Italy.
  19. 19Balkani Wildlife Society, Boulevard Dragan Tzankov 8, 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria.
  20. 20Lynx Project Austria Northwest, Linzerstrasse 14, 4170 Haslach/Mühl, Austria.
  21. 21Nationalpark Kalkalpen, Nationalpark Zentrum Molln, Nationalpark Allee 1, 4591 Molln, Austria.
  22. 22Provincia Autonoma di Trento - Servizio Foreste e Fauna, Via Trener no. 3, 38100 Trento, Italy.
  23. 23Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Viikinkaari 4, 00790 Helsinki, Finland.
  24. 24Protection and Preservation of Natural Environment in Albania, Rruga Vangjush Furxhi 16/1/10, Tirana, Albania.
  25. 25Callisto Wildlife and Nature Conservation Society, Mitropoleos 123, 54621 Thessaloniki, Greece.
  26. 26Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering, Department of Silviculture, Transilvania University, 1 Beethoven Lane, 500123 Brașov, Romania.
  27. 27Forest Research Institute (ICAS) Bulevardul Eroilor Number 128, Voluntari, Ilfov, 077190 Romania.
  28. 28State Institute for Nature Protection, Trg Mažuranića 5, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
  29. 29University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
  30. 30LUPUS – German Institute for Wolf Mnitoring and Research, Dorfstrasse 20, 02979 Spreewitz, Germany.
  31. 31Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Oulu Game and Fisheries Research, Tutkijantie 2E, 90570 Oulu, Finland.
  32. 32Department of Forest Protection and Game Management, Faculty of Forestry, Technical University of Zvolen, T.G. Masaryka 20, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia.
  33. 33Faculty of Forestry, University of Sarajevo, Zagrebačka 20, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  34. 34Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, 61300 Brno, Czech Republic.
  35. 35Friends of the Earth Czech Republic, Olomouc Branch, Dolní Náměstí 38, 77900 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
  36. 36Estonian Environment Agency, Rõõmu tee 2, 51013 Tartu, Estonia.
  37. 37Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage, ZI Mayencin, 5 Allée de Béthléem, 38610 Gières, France.
  38. 38Centro Gestione e Conservazione Grandi Carnivori, Piazza Regina Elena 30, Valdieri 12010, Italy.
  39. 39Macedonian Ecological Society, Arhimedova 5, Skopje 1000, FYR Macedonia.
  40. 40Department of Wildlife Sciences, Georg-August University, Büsgenweg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany.
  41. 41National Veterinary Epidemiology Unit, Food Safety and Veterinary Institute, Rruga Aleksandër Moisiu 10 Tirana, Albania.
  42. 42Institute of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Pawińskiego 5a, 02-106 Warszawa, Poland.
  43. 43Association for Nature “Wolf,” Twardorzeczka 229, 34-324 Lipowa, Poland.
  44. 44Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava,” Rīgas Iela 111, Salaspils, 2169 Latvia.
  45. 45Fundación Oso Pardo, Calle San Luis 17, 4° A, 39010 Santander, Spain.
  46. 46Natural History Museum, Njegoseva 51, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.
  47. 47ONCFS-CNERA PAD, Equipe Ours, Chef de Projet, Impasse de la Chapelle, 31800 Villeneuve de Rivière, France.
  48. 48Istituto di Ecologia Applicata, Via B. Eustachio 10, 00161 Rome, Italy.
  49. 49Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Postbox 5003, 1432 Ås, Norway.
  50. 50St. István Unversity Institute for Wildlife Conservation, Páter Károly 1, 2103 Gödöllő, Hungary.
  51. 51Hedmark University College, Evenstad, 2480 Koppang, Norway.
  52. 52Bavarian Agency of Environment, Hans-Högn-Strasse 12, 95030 Hof/Saale, Germany.
  53. 53Lynx Project Bavaria, Trailling 1a, 93462 Lam, Germany.
  54. 54Department of Zoology and Anthropology, Faculty of Biology/Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski," Boulevard Dragan Tzankov 8, 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria.
  1. *Corresponding author. E-mail: gchapron{at}carnivoreconservation.org or guillaume.chapron{at}slu.se
  1. These authors contributed equally to this work.

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