Review

Technology-driven layer-by-layer assembly of nanofilms

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Science  24 Apr 2015:
Vol. 348, Issue 6233, aaa2491
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa2491

Thin-film fabrication

The deposition of thin films from multiple materials is essential to a range of materials fabrication processes. Layer-by-layer processes involve the sequential deposition of two or more materials that physically bond together. Richardson et al. review some of the techniques and materials that are used to make thin films, including sequential dip coating, spraying, and electrochemical deposition. Despite the versatility of the methods and the range of materials that can be deposited, the techniques remain mostly confined to the lab because of challenges in industrial scaling. But because there is tremendous scope for fine-tuning the structure and properties of the multilayers, there is interest in broadening the use of these techniques.

Science, this issue 10.1126/science.aaa2491