After the Iran deal: Multinational enrichment

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Science  19 Jun 2015:
Vol. 348, Issue 6241, pp. 1320-1322
DOI: 10.1126/science.aac5989

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  • RE: New Democratic Role for Iran in Global Energy Market
    • Reza Hafezi, Technology Foresight PhD Candidate, Technology Foresight, Department of Management, Science and Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)
    • Other Contributors:
      • Amir Naser Akhavan, Assistant Professor, Technology Foresight, Department of Management, Science and Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)
      • Saeed Pakseresht, Director of Research and Technology, National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC), Tehran, Iran

    Today energy supply is easier due to development of technologies and variety of energy sources. However energy suppliers such as Iran are facing a more complex and uncertain future. As a developing country Iran's economy greatly depends on extraction and trade of fossil fuels, and it is the time to rethinking about country's energy policies to guarantee robust and sustainable development. Nowadays Iran is involving two types of challenges; first increase in the state of competition due to: large scale production, emerging substitutes and efficiency promotion at the end user technologies which cause reductions in demand rate. In other hand international pressures and regulations on environmental issues limited fossil fuel production. So an integrated management approach is essential for the sustainable development of any country.
    For about 30 years (from 1980's to 2000's) Iran has experienced piping projects and developed pipeline technologies and human resources to contribute and transport natural gas as a primary energy source in the country (for both residential and industrial demand) following a national policy aimed at increasing Iran's crude oil exporting potentials and its global oil market shares.
    Natural gas's export and import deal with old challenging problems, transportation (delivery) and energy security concerns. New technologies such as liquefied natural gas (LNG) and adsorbed natural gas (ANG) made universal pricing...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.

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