PerspectiveHistory of Science

Beyond the “Mendel-Fisher controversy”

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Science  09 Oct 2015:
Vol. 350, Issue 6257, pp. 159-160
DOI: 10.1126/science.aab3846

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  • 150 years of Mendel on the international scientific scene
    • Eva Matalová, Leader, Mendelianum, Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics, Veveří 97, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
    • Other Contributors:
      • Anna Matalová, Specialist consultant, Mendelianum, Centrum Mendelianum, Muzejní 1, 600 00 Brno, Czech Republic
      • Frank W. Nicholas, Emeritus Professor of Animal Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney NSW 2006 Australia
      • Christina Laukaitis, Director of Genetic Consultation and Counseling Services, Center for Applied Genetics and Genomic Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ USA
      • Johann Vollmann, Professor of Plant Genetics, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

    Last year, as noted in Science (1), celebrations were underway around the world to mark the 150th anniversary of Mendel’s major discovery concerning heredity presented as a lecture Experiments on Plant Hybrids in 1865. A year later, when Mendel´s paper was printed and distributed to dozens of places in Europe and overseas, his contribution entered the scientific world, eventually to be “rediscovered” in 1900 by a new generation of scientists. Thanks to the journal of the Nature Science Society in Brno, the world eventually became aware of Mendel´s discovery.
    Nature Science Society in Brno was a filial organization of the former Agriculture Society (Ackerbaugesellschaft), assigned as the Moravian scientific academy where Mendel was active for 40 years and where he obtained inspiration for his research. Mendelianum is based in the headquarters of this society and moreover is a part of the Moravian Museum with direct continuity with the Museum established by the Agriculture Society in Brno.
    To mark the 150th anniversary of the publication of Mendel’s paper, this year Mendelianum has initiated the commemoratation of Mendel´s scientific legacy by way of an international Mendel Day. The idea is supported by scientists from all over the world. Hot spots of Mendel Day 2016 are Brno (home town), Vienna (Europe), Tuscon (US), Sydney (Australia), and Tokyo (Asia), the day is March 8. The March timing of Mendel Day symbolically fits between Darwin Day in February and DNA D...

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    Competing Interests: None declared.