Research Article

Rpn1 provides adjacent receptor sites for substrate binding and deubiquitination by the proteasome

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Science  19 Feb 2016:
Vol. 351, Issue 6275, aad9421
DOI: 10.1126/science.aad9421

The yin and yang of proteasomal regulation

The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway regulates myriad proteins through their selective proteolysis. The small protein ubiquitin is attached, typically in many copies, to the target protein, which is then recognized and broken down by the proteasome. Shi et al. found a repeat structure in the proteasome for recognizing ubiquitin as well as ubiquitin-like (UBL) proteins. Tandem binding sites allow the proteasome to dock multiple proteins. One of the bound UBL proteins is an enzyme that cleaves ubiquitin-protein conjugates, which antagonizes degradation. Thus, the repetition of related binding sites with distinct specificity achieves a balance of positive and negative regulation of the proteasome.

Science, this issue p. 10.1126/science.aad9421