Phototactic guidance of a tissue-engineered soft-robotic ray

See allHide authors and affiliations

Science  08 Jul 2016:
Vol. 353, Issue 6295, pp. 158-162
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf4292

Swim into the light

A bio-inspired swimming robot that mimics a ray fish can be guided by light. Park et al. built a 1/10th-scale version of a ray fish with a microfabricated gold skeleton and a rubber body powered by rat heart muscle cells. The cardiomyocytes were genetically engineered to respond to light cues, so that the undulatory movements propelling the robot through water would follow a light source.

Science, this issue p. 158

  • * Present address: Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

  • Present address: Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

  • Present address: Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

  • § Present address: The Winsor School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

  • || Present address: Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.