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How “you” makes meaning

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Science  24 Mar 2017:
Vol. 355, Issue 6331, pp. 1299-1302
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaj2014
  • Fig. 1 Average percentage of responses including generic-you versus first-person singular pronouns by condition for experiments 1 to 3.

    (A) In experiment 1, pairwise comparisons indicated that participants in the Norms condition used generic-you significantly more than those in the Preferences condition (t205 = 10.94, P < 0.001, d = 1.53). In contrast, participants in the Preferences condition used first-person singular pronouns significantly more than those in the Norms condition (t205 = 10.71, P < 0.001, d = 1.50). (B) In experiment 2, pairwise comparisons indicated that participants in the Rules condition used generic-you significantly more than did those in the Preferences condition (t202 = 8.81, P < 0.001, d = 1.24). In contrast, participants in the Preferences condition used first-person singular pronouns significantly more than did those in the Rules condition (t202 = 10.14, P < 0.001, d = 1.43). (C) In experiment 3, pairwise comparisons indicated that participants in the Norms condition used generic-you significantly more than did those in the Preferences condition (t203 = 6.56, P <.001, d = 0.92). In contrast, participants in the Preferences condition used first-person singular pronouns significantly more than did those in the Norms condition (t203 = 4.90, P < 0.001, d = 0.69).

  • Fig. 2 Mediation results for experiment 5.

    Model tests the indirect effect of condition (0 = Relive + Neutral, 1 = Meaning-Making) on psychological distance through generic-you by using a 95% confidence interval with 10,000 bootstrapped samples. The confidence interval for the indirect effect does not cross zero, indicating significant mediation. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001.

Supplementary Materials

  • How "you" makes meaning

    Ariana Orvell, Ethan Kross, Susan A. Gelman*

    Materials/Methods, Supplementary Text, Tables, Figures, and/or References

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    • Materials and Methods
    • Supplementary Text
    • Figs. S1 and S2
    • Tables S1 to S5
    • References

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