The earliest modern humans outside Africa

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Science  26 Jan 2018:
Vol. 359, Issue 6374, pp. 456-459
DOI: 10.1126/science.aap8369

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  • Homo sapiens outside Africa 177 ka to be expected?
    • Marc Verhaegen, Medical Doctor, Study Center for Anthropology, B-2580 Belgium.

    Thanks for this very interesting article. Jebel Irhoud in Morocco is about 315,000 years ago (315 ka), and Florisbad at the other side of Africa 259 ka. We know Pleistocene Homo dispersed intercontinentally along African and Eurasian coasts and rivers (for references, google e.g. "Ape and Human Evolution made easy 2018 Verhaegen"), so it is not unexpected that Homo sapiens in Israel ("outside Africa") is 177 ka or more.
    More in general, discussions about out of or into Africa or Asia are often not very relevant in my opinion: for instance, whether you live at the African side of the Red Sea, or at the Asian side is rather unimportant.
    Since Homo sapiens seems to have been adapted to warmer climates than Homo neanderthalensis, it would not be unexpected if Homo sapiens had also lived in Arabia and other places in southern Asia about 200 ka and perhaps even earlier.

    Competing Interests: None declared.

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