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Ancient genomes revisit the ancestry of domestic and Przewalski’s horses

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Science  06 Apr 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6384, pp. 111-114
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao3297

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vol. 360 no. 6384 111-114

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History: 
  • Received for publication July 10, 2017
  • Accepted for publication January 31, 2018
  • .

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Author Information

  1. Charleen Gaunitz1,*,
  2. Antoine Fages1,2,*,
  3. Kristian Hanghøj1,2,
  4. Anders Albrechtsen3,
  5. Naveed Khan1,4,
  6. Mikkel Schubert1,
  7. Andaine Seguin-Orlando1,2,5,
  8. Ivy J. Owens6,7,
  9. Sabine Felkel8,
  10. Olivier Bignon-Lau9,
  11. Peter de Barros Damgaard1,
  12. Alissa Mittnik10,
  13. Azadeh F. Mohaseb11,12,
  14. Hossein Davoudi12,13,14,
  15. Saleh Alquraishi15,
  16. Ahmed H. Alfarhan15,
  17. Khaled A. S. Al-Rasheid15,
  18. Eric Crubézy2,
  19. Norbert Benecke16,
  20. Sandra Olsen17,
  21. Dorcas Brown18,
  22. David Anthony18,
  23. Ken Massy19,
  24. Vladimir Pitulko20,
  25. Aleksei Kasparov20,
  26. Gottfried Brem8,
  27. Michael Hofreiter21,
  28. Gulmira Mukhtarova22,
  29. Nurbol Baimukhanov23,
  30. Lembi Lõugas24,
  31. Vedat Onar25,
  32. Philipp W. Stockhammer10,19,
  33. Johannes Krause10,
  34. Bazartseren Boldgiv26,
  35. Sainbileg Undrakhbold26,
  36. Diimaajav Erdenebaatar27,
  37. Sébastien Lepetz11,
  38. Marjan Mashkour11,12,13,
  39. Arne Ludwig28 ,
  40. Barbara Wallner8,
  41. Victor Merz29,
  42. Ilja Merz29,
  43. Viktor Zaibert30,
  44. Eske Willerslev1,31,32,
  45. Pablo Librado1,
  46. Alan K. Outram6,,
  47. Ludovic Orlando1,2,
  1. 1Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, 1350K Copenhagen, Denmark.
  2. 2Laboratoire d’Anthropobiologie Moléculaire et d’Imagerie de Synthèse UMR 5288, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, France.
  3. 3Bioinformatics Center, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200N Copenhagen, Denmark.
  4. 4Department of Biotechnology, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200, Pakistan.
  5. 5National High-Throughput DNA Sequencing Center, 1353K Copenhagen, Denmark.
  6. 6Department of Archaeology, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QE, UK.
  7. 7The Charles McBurney Laboratory for Geoarchaeology, Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK.
  8. 8Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, 1210 Vienna, Austria.
  9. 9Équipe Ethnologie préhistorique, ArScAn, CNRS, UMR 7041, Maison de l’Archéologie et de l’Ethnologie (MAE) René-Ginouvès, 92023 Nanterre Cédex, France.
  10. 10Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, 07745 Jena, Germany.
  11. 11Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Archéozoologie, Archéobotanique, Sociétés, Pratiques et Environnements, UMR 7209, 75005 Paris, France.
  12. 12Archaeozoology section, Archaeometry Laboratory, University of Tehran, Tehran CP1417634934, Iran.
  13. 13Osteology Department, National Museum of Iran, Tehran 1136918111, Iran.
  14. 14Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115, Iran.
  15. 15Zoology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.
  16. 16German Archaeological Institute, Department of Natural Sciences, 14195 Berlin, Germany.
  17. 17Biodiversity Institute–Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.
  18. 18Anthropology Department, Hartwick College, Oneonta, NY 13820, USA.
  19. 19Institute for Pre- and Protohistoric Archaeology and Archaeology of the Roman Provinces, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, 80799 München, Germany.
  20. 20Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 191186, Russia.
  21. 21Institute for Biochemistry and Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany.
  22. 22Issyk State Historical-Cultural Reserve Museum, 040400 Almaty Region, Enbekshikazak District, Kazakhstan.
  23. 23Shejire DNA Project, 050046 Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  24. 24Archaeological Research Collection, Tallinn University, 10130 Tallinn, Estonia.
  25. 25Osteoarchaeology Practice and Research Center and Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, 34320 Avcılar Istanbul, Turkey.
  26. 26Ecology Group, Department of Biology, School of Arts and Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar 14201, Mongolia.
  27. 27Department of Archaeology, Ulaanbaatar State University, Ulaanbaatar 51, Mongolia.
  28. 28Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, 10315 Berlin, Germany.
  29. 29S.Toraighyrov Pavlodar State University, Joint Research Center for Archeological Studies, 637000 Pavlodar, Kazakhstan.
  30. 30Scientific Research Institute of Archaeology and Steppe Civilizations, Al Farabi Kazakh National University, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  31. 31Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK.
  32. 32Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton CB10 1SA, UK.
  1. Corresponding author. Email: a.k.outram{at}exeter.ac.uk (A.K.O.); ludovic.orlando{at}univ-tlse3.fr (L.O.)
  1. * These authors contributed equally to this work.

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