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Structure of a prehandover mammalian ribosomal SRP·SRP receptor targeting complex

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Science  20 Apr 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6386, pp. 323-327
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar7924

First steps of translocation elucidated

Ribosomes synthesizing membrane or secretory proteins are targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in eukaryotic cells by the signal recognition particle (SRP). Upon reaching the ER, the SRP interacts with its receptor to promote transfer of the signal sequence to the protein-conducting channel or translocon. Kobayashi et al. studied the ribosomal complex that forms on the ER, in which the SRP and its receptor interact to transfer the newly synthesized protein to the translocon. The observed organization of the assembly reveals the roles of multiple eukaryotic-specific protein components present in the SRP and its receptor in stabilizing the conformation that facilitates signal sequence handover.

Science, this issue p. 323

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