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Anomalously low dielectric constant of confined water

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Science  22 Jun 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6395, pp. 1339-1342
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat4191

Water's surface dielectric

Theoretical studies predict that the inhibition of rotational motion of water near a solid surface will decrease its local dielectric constant. Fumagalli et al. fabricated thin channels in insulating hexagonal boron nitride on top of conducting graphene layers (see the Perspective by Kalinin). The channels, which varied in height from 1 to 300 nanometers, were filled with water and capped with a boron nitride layer. Modeling of the capacitance measurements made with an atomic force microscope tip revealed a surface-layer dielectric constant of 2, compared with the bulk value of 80 for water.

Science, this issue p. 1339; see also p. 1302

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