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New genus of extinct Holocene gibbon associated with humans in Imperial China

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Science  22 Jun 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6395, pp. 1346-1349
DOI: 10.1126/science.aao4903

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The noblewoman's ape

Human activities are causing extinctions across a wide array of taxa. Yet there has been no evidence of humans directly causing extinction among our relatives, the apes. Turvey et al. describe a species of gibbon found in a 2200- to 2300-year-old tomb ascribed to a Chinese noblewoman. This previously unknown species was likely widespread, may have persisted until the 18th century, and may be the first ape species to have perished as a direct result of human activities. This discovery may also indicate the existence of unrecognized primate diversity across Asia.

Science, this issue p. 1346