Research Article

The first horse herders and the impact of early Bronze Age steppe expansions into Asia

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Science  29 Jun 2018:
Vol. 360, Issue 6396, eaar7711
DOI: 10.1126/science.aar7711

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vol. 360 no. 6396

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History: 
  • Received for publication December 15, 2017
  • Accepted for publication May 2, 2018
  • .

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Author Information

  1. Peter de Barros Damgaard1,*,
  2. Rui Martiniano2,3,*,
  3. Jack Kamm2,*,
  4. J. Víctor Moreno-Mayar1,*,
  5. Guus Kroonen4,5,
  6. Michaël Peyrot5,
  7. Gojko Barjamovic6,
  8. Simon Rasmussen7,
  9. Claus Zacho1,
  10. Nurbol Baimukhanov8,
  11. Victor Zaibert9,
  12. Victor Merz10,
  13. Arjun Biddanda11,
  14. Ilja Merz10,
  15. Valeriy Loman12,
  16. Valeriy Evdokimov12,
  17. Emma Usmanova12,
  18. Brian Hemphill13,
  19. Andaine Seguin-Orlando1,
  20. Fulya Eylem Yediay14,
  21. Inam Ullah1,15,
  22. Karl-Göran Sjögren16,
  23. Katrine Højholt Iversen7,
  24. Jeremy Choin1,
  25. Constanza de la Fuente1,
  26. Melissa Ilardo1,
  27. Hannes Schroeder1,
  28. Vyacheslav Moiseyev17,
  29. Andrey Gromov17,
  30. Andrei Polyakov18,
  31. Sachihiro Omura19,
  32. Süleyman Yücel Senyurt20,
  33. Habib Ahmad15,21,
  34. Catriona McKenzie22,
  35. Ashot Margaryan1,
  36. Abdul Hameed23,
  37. Abdul Samad24,
  38. Nazish Gul15,
  39. Muhammad Hassan Khokhar25,
  40. O. I. Goriunova26,27,
  41. Vladimir I. Bazaliiskii27,
  42. John Novembre11,28,
  43. Andrzej W. Weber29,
  44. Ludovic Orlando1,30,
  45. Morten E. Allentoft1,
  46. Rasmus Nielsen31,
  47. Kristian Kristiansen16,
  48. Martin Sikora1,
  49. Alan K. Outram22,
  50. Richard Durbin2,3,,
  51. Eske Willerslev1,2,32,
  1. 1Centre for GeoGenetics, Natural History Museum, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  2. 2Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Genome Campus, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK.
  3. 3Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EH, UK.
  4. 4Department of Nordic Studies and Linguistics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  5. 5Leiden University Centre for Linguistics, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands.
  6. 6Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
  7. 7Department of Bio and Health Informatics, Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark.
  8. 8Shejire DNA project, Abai ave. 150/230, 050046 Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  9. 9Institute of Archaeology and Steppe Civilization, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, 050040, Kazakhstan.
  10. 10S. Toraighyrov Pavlodar State University, Joint Research Center for Archeological Studies named after A.Kh. Margulan, Pavlodar, Kazakhstan.
  11. 11Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
  12. 12Saryarkinsky Institute of Archaeology, Buketov Karaganda State University, Karaganda. 100074, Kazakhstan.
  13. 13Department of Anthropology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK, USA.
  14. 14The Institute of Forensic Sciences, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
  15. 15Department of Genetics, Hazara University, Garden Campus, Mansehra, Pakistan.
  16. 16Department of Historical Studies, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.
  17. 17Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) RAS, St. Petersburg, Russia.
  18. 18Institute for the History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
  19. 19Japanese Institute of Anatolian Archaeology, Kaman, Kırşehir, Turkey.
  20. 20Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
  21. 21Center of Omic Sciences, Islamia College, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  22. 22Department of Archaeology, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4QE, UK.
  23. 23Department of Archeology, Hazara University, Garden Campus, Mansehra, Pakistan.
  24. 24Directorate of Archaeology and Museums Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
  25. 25Archaeological Museum Harappa at Archaeology Department Govt. of Punjab, Pakistan.
  26. 26Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician Lavrent’iev Ave. 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.
  27. 27Department of History, Irkutsk State University, Karl Marx Street 1, Irkutsk 664003, Russia.
  28. 28Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
  29. 29Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2H4, Canada.
  30. 30Laboratoire d’Anthropobiologie Moléculaire et d’Imagerie de Synthèse, CNRS UMR 5288, Université deToulouse, Université Paul Sabatier, 31000 Toulouse, France.
  31. 31Departments of Integrative Biology and Statistics, University of Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA.
  32. 32Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
  1. Corresponding author. Email: rd109{at}cam.ac.uk (R.D.); ewillerslev{at}snm.ku.dk (E.W.)
  1. * These authors contributed equally to this work.

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