Ancient convergent losses of Paraoxonase 1 yield potential risks for modern marine mammals

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Science  10 Aug 2018:
Vol. 361, Issue 6402, pp. 591-594
DOI: 10.1126/science.aap7714

Adaptive conflicts with the modern world

Mammals evolved in terrestrial environments. Those that now live in the marine environment have had to adapt to the particular selective pressures that this environment imposes. Meyer et al. surveyed the genomes of several marine mammal species to identify regions of convergent change. Multiple losses of the Paraoxonase 1 gene are evident in marine mammals, likely resulting from remodeling of lipid metabolism or antioxidant networks. The multiple occurrences of this loss of function across taxa indicate an evolutionary benefit. However, Paraoxonase 1 is the primary mammalian defense against organophosphorus toxicity. Marine mammals may be at a great disadvantage in the Anthropocene if run-off of this agricultural product into the marine environment continues.

Science, this issue p. 591

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