Research Article

A radiation belt of energetic protons located between Saturn and its rings

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Science  05 Oct 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6410, eaat1962
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat1962

Article Information

vol. 362 no. 6410

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  • Received for publication February 4, 2018
  • Accepted for publication September 5, 2018

Author Information

  1. E. Roussos1,*,,
  2. P. Kollmann2,,
  3. N. Krupp1,
  4. A. Kotova3,
  5. L. Regoli4,
  6. C. Paranicas2,
  7. D. G. Mitchell2,
  8. S. M. Krimigis2,5,
  9. D. Hamilton6,
  10. P. Brandt2,
  11. J. Carbary2,
  12. S. Christon7,
  13. K. Dialynas5,
  14. I. Dandouras3,
  15. M. E. Hill2,
  16. W. H. Ip8,
  17. G. H. Jones9,10,
  18. S. Livi11,
  19. B. H. Mauk2,
  20. B. Palmaerts12,
  21. E. C. Roelof2,
  22. A. Rymer2,
  23. N. Sergis5,13,
  24. H. T. Smith2
  1. 1Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, 37077 Goettingen, Germany.
  2. 2Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHUAPL), Laurel, MD 20723, USA.
  3. 3Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, Université de Toulouse, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Paul Sabatier, Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse, France.
  4. 4Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.
  5. 5Office of Space Research and Technology, Academy of Athens, Athens 11527, Greece.
  6. 6Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.
  7. 7Focused Analysis and Research, Columbia, MD 11043, USA.
  8. 8Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, 32001 Jhongli, Taiwan.
  9. 9Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT, UK.
  10. 10The Centre for Planetary Sciences at University College London/Birkbeck, London WC1E 6BT, UK.
  11. 11Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX 78238, USA.
  12. 12Laboratory for Planetary and Atmospheric Physics, Space Sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Institute, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.
  13. 13National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Penteli, Greece.
  1. *Corresponding author. Email: roussos{at}
  1. These authors contributed equally to this work.


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