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Science  12 Oct 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6411, pp. 134-136
DOI: 10.1126/science.362.6411.134

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In science news around the world, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warns that allowing the planet to warm by more than 1.5°C could have dire environmental consequences and urges a speedy transformation of the world's energy systems to avoid breaching that limit. Japan allows genome editing of fertilized human embryos for basic research; embryos must be leftover from infertility treatments and procured with informed consent and without any compensation. Leon Lederman, a Nobel Prize–winning physicist and passionate advocate for science education, dies at age 96. The Biotechnology Innovation Organization, based in Washington, D.C., urges its members to diversify their executive ranks and boardrooms and to refrain from sexist, racist, or homophobic "actions, activities, or events." Nine nations and the European Union sign an agreement to bar commercial fishing for at least 16 years in a huge swath of the central Arctic Ocean. The American Chemical Society and Elsevier extend their copyright fight with ResearchGate to the United States.