Hierarchically porous polymer coatings for highly efficient passive daytime radiative cooling

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Science  19 Oct 2018:
Vol. 362, Issue 6412, pp. 315-319
DOI: 10.1126/science.aat9513

Painting on the cool

Passive radiative cooling materials emit heat. They can reduce the need for air conditioning by providing daytime cooling but are often challenging to apply to rooftops and other building surfaces. Mandal et al. fabricated porous poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropene) to create an excellent radiative cooling material. Better yet, the polymer is easy to paint or spray onto a wide range of surfaces, has good durability, and can even be dyed. This makes it a promising candidate for widespread use as a high-performance passive radiative cooling material.

Science, this issue p. 315


Passive daytime radiative cooling (PDRC) involves spontaneously cooling a surface by reflecting sunlight and radiating heat to the cold outer space. Current PDRC designs are promising alternatives to electrical cooling but are either inefficient or have limited applicability. We present a simple, inexpensive, and scalable phase inversion–based method for fabricating hierarchically porous poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropene) [P(VdF-HFP)HP] coatings with excellent PDRC capability. High, substrate-independent hemispherical solar reflectances (0.96 ± 0.03) and long-wave infrared emittances (0.97 ± 0.02) allow for subambient temperature drops of ~6°C and cooling powers of ~96 watts per square meter (W m−2) under solar intensities of 890 and 750 W m−2, respectively. The performance equals or surpasses those of state-of-the-art PDRC designs, and the technique offers a paint-like simplicity.

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